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Kinds of Sentences According to Use and Structure

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Kinds of Sentences According to Use and Structure

  2. 2. One of the major problems that I encountered during my observation in Tagudin National High School was the lack of instructional materials in teaching the English Language. That’s why I am presenting this powerpoint presention to supplement the lack of instructional materials in teaching the subject. Assuming I will be teaching in the school I just observed. I will use this powerpoint presentation to teach the English learners a topic in English particularly in Sentences.
  3. 3. SENTENCE
  4. 4. SENTENCE  a SENTENCE is a group of related words expressing a complete thought  it has a SUBJECT and a PREDICATE Example: subject predicate owns a beautiful car.Jack
  6. 6. KINDS OF SENTENCES ACCORDING TO USE 1. Declarative Sentence (a statement) 2. Impérative Sentence (a command) 3. Interrogative Sentence (a question) 4. Exclamatory Sentence (an exclamation)
  7. 7. 1. DECLARATIVE SENTENCE  A declarative sentence is a sentence that states a fact. Such sentences are simple statements. They state, assert or declare something. Examples: Diego falls in love for the first time. Chrysanthemum is the national flower of Japan. The army declared a war. It states factual information & ends with a period  ends with a period
  8. 8. 2. IMPERATIVE SENTENCE  An imperative sentence gives a command, makes a request, or express a wish. Example s: Go to your room. Please lend me your pen. Have a nice day today. an order a request a wish  ends with a period
  9. 9. 3. EXCLAMATORY SENTENCE An exclamatory sentence expresses sudden and strong feelings, such as surprise, wonder, pity, sympathy, happiness or gratitude. Example s: Oh What a shame! My phone is broken! I can't believe it!  it end with an exclamation point expresses emotion & ends with an exclamation point
  10. 10. 4. Interrogative sentence  An interrogative sentence asks a question. Example s: Which do you prefer? Water or coffee? Is he talking to you? Would you like to watch some movie? Asks question & ends with a question mark  ends with a question mark
  11. 11.  A sentence may consist of one clause  An independent clause is also called main clause and a dependent clause is also called subordinate clause. (independent clause) (independent and dependent clauses) or more clauses.
  12. 12. Kinds of Sentences According to Structure
  13. 13.  On the basis of numbers of clause and types of clauses present in a sentence, sentences are divided in to four kinds. a. Simple Sentence b. Compound Sentence c. Complex Sentence d. Complex-compund Sentence What are their differences?
  14. 14. a. Simple Sentence  A simple sentence consists of only one independent clause containing a subject and a verb and it expresses complete thought.  There is no dependent clause.  An independent clause (also called main clause) is called a simple sentence.
  15. 15. Examples of simple sentence Grey . is ours. You She is working on his project. will not be coming. That house are so cool. These yellow ones are the SUBJECTS These blue ones are the PREDICATES
  16. 16. B. COMPOUND SENTENCE A compound sentence consists of at least two independent clauses joined by coordinating conjunctions.There is no dependent clause in compoun sentence. Independent clauses can also be joined by a semicolon (;). A comma may or may not be used before the conjunction in compound sentence. some coordinating conjunctions are: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
  17. 17. Exampl es: I like an apple I helped him He failed two times I asked him a question but my brother likes a mango. and he became happy. yet he is not disappointed. ; he replied correctly. Sentences are separated by coordinating conjuctions
  18. 18. C. COMPLEX SENTENCE  A complex sentence consists of one independent clause and at least one dependent clause joined by subordinating conjunction or relative pronoun.  that, who, which, whose, whom etc.  because, although, since, when, unless etc.
  19. 19. You can’t pass the test unless you study for it. Examples: I met the boy who had helped me. She is wearing a shirt which looks nice.
  20. 20. If a complex sentence begins with an independent clause, a comma is not used between clauses in a complex sentence. If a complex sentence begins with dependent clause then a comma is use after dependent clause in a complex sentence. Examples: He is playing well although he is ill. Although he is ill, he is playing well.
  21. 21. D. COMPLEX - COMPOUND SENTENCE  A complex-compound sentence consists of at least two independents and one or more dependent clauses.  It is also sometimes called compound- complex Sentence.
  22. 22. Exampl es: He went to college and I went to a market where I bought a book. I like Mathematics but my bother likes Biology because he wants to be a doctor. In the first sentence of above, there are two independent clauses-“he went to college” and “I went to a market”, and one dependent clause “where I bought a book”.
  23. 23. SUMMARY  a sentence is a group of words expressing a complet  the four types of sentence according to use are: declarative, interrogative, imperative and exclamatory. the four types of sentence according to structure are: simple, compound, complex and complex- compound.
  24. 24. Activity #1 kinds of sentences according to use Write each sentence and decide if it is a declarative, exclamatory, interrogative or imperative. 1.Take out the trash. 2.My house is just around the corner. 3.Can you come over after school today? 4.I saw a shooting star! 5.I admire Jack.
  25. 25. ACTIVITY #2 KINDS OF SENTENCES ACCORDING STRUCTURE Analyze the following sentences. Identify which are simple, compound and complex sentences, and also the coordinating and subordinating words. 1. The writer of the book thinks that people on welfare are sometimes stigmatized in society. Sentence type: Coordinating / subordinating words:
  26. 26. 2. Many citizens are dissatisfied with the government as they are experiencing unprecedented economic difficulties. Sentence type: Coordinating / subordinating words: 3. University chiefs these days spend much of their time on fund- raising and publicity activities. Sentence type: Coordinating / subordinating words:
  27. 27. 4. Students need good time management at university since they have numerous classes to attend and extra-curricular activities to take part in. Sentence type: Coordinating / subordinating words: 5. I queued for over an hour at the counter but still could not get a ticket. Sentence type: Coordinating / subordinating words:
  28. 28. The end of presentation
  29. 29. References: http://site.iugaza.edu.ps/rareer/e nglish-resources/sentence-type- exercises-and-quizzes http://www.studyandexam.com/ sentence-types.html Handbook to Better English by World Marketing Corporation
  30. 30. presented by: Andre philip tacderas submitted to: Mr. Ernest Padiwan INSTRUCTOR
  31. 31. 5 4 3 2 1 SCORE CONTENT Thecont ent meet s t he required inf ormat ion neededandis accurat ely and well present ed. Thecont ent meet s t he required inf ormat ion, but someare missing, yet , st ill easy t o f ollow. Thecont ent meet s t he required inf ormat ion, but someare missing, which makes it dif f icult t o f ollow. Cont ent is quest ionable. Inf ormat ion is not present ed in alogical order, making it dif f icult t o f ollow. Thecont ent has insuf f icient inf ormat ion. 5 BACKGROUND& TEXT Background andt ext complement each ot her; easy t o read, consist ent t hroughout t he present at ion. Backgroundand t ext complement each ot her, but somecolor of t het ext dominat es t he background. Backgroundis not consist ent t hroughout t he present at ion; t ext sizeand color change wit h each slide. Text cannot be readon select ed background; t ext sizeand color makeit dif f icult t o f ocus on inf ormat ion. The background andt he t ext ’s color arenot pleasing t o t heeyes. 5 Rubric in Evaluating the Instructional Material
  32. 32. PICTURES or CLIP ART Images are appropriate. Most images are appropriate. Some images are appropriate. Images are inappropr iate. No images. 1 GRAPHICS & TRANSITIONS Graphics are appropriate and relate to content; transitions are consistent throughout the presentation. Graphics are appropriate; transitions are not consistent throughout the presentation. Few graphics are used throughout the presentation, they do not relate to the topic; transitions are not consistent or effective. Graphics used are too many, which makes the presentatio n to be difficult to understand . Little or no attempt was made to use graphics or transitions. 5 MECHANICS No spelling errors. No grammar errors. There are few spelling errors and few grammar errors. There are some spelling errors and some grammar errors. There are some inappropria te words used in the presentatio n. There are many spelling and or grammar errors. 5
  33. 33. 21 1.7 5 Over- all Score Rating: (based on transmutati on) 25 - 1.0 = 99 23 - 24 – 1.25 = 96 22 – 1.5 = 93 21 – 1.75 = 90 20 – 2.0 = 87 19 – 2.25 = 84 18 - 17 - 2.50 = 81 16 – 2.75 = 78 15 – 3.0 = 75 14 – 3.5 = 72 13 – 5.0 = 70below Transmutation of Score to Grade/Rating