2. It is a systematic approach to
identifying, assessing and reducing
the risks of disaster. It aims to
reduce the damage caused by
natural hazards like earthquakes,
floods, droughts and cyclones,
through an ethic of prevention.
8. Inspect and clean up your house
especially your drainage system.2
Check to see if there’s a need to fix your
house such as holes on your roofs,
damaged doors, windows or ceilings.
Have them fixed as soon as possible. Do
check as well your drainage system.
9. Store ample amount of
ready-to eat foods and water.3
Make sure that the foods and water that
you will store is adequate enough for
you and your family and will last for few
days. Ready-to-eat foods such as
canned/packed foods are especially
helpful when cooking is no longer
10. If you are advised to evacuate, do so.4
These people who will inform you of the
need for evacuation are more
knowledgeable than anyone else. So
don’t be hard-headed, at least not during
this time of distress.
11. Always have your emergency
kits with you.5
Your emergency kit may include first-aid
supplies, candles, flashlights, life vests
and battery-operated radio.
13. If no advice to evacuate was announced,
then better stay inside your house.1
Keep yourself calm and postpone
any scheduled travels.
Keep on monitoring the
typhoon’s movement through
your television, radio or the
14. If you see signs of water rising, better
turn off the main sources of electricity.2
Do keep your electric-powered
items stored in higher areas and
refrain from using them during
15. Do not wade along flooded areas
to keep yourself from contacting
If it is inevitable, wear protective
gears such as raincoats and boots
to protect yourself.
18. Watch out for live wires or
outlet immersed in water.1
If your house was destroyed, make sure
that it is already safe and stable when
you enter. Report damaged electrical
cables and fallen electric posts to the
25. Install smoke alarms on every level of your
residence and do proper maintenance.
Review escape routes with your family.
Practice escaping from each room.
Consider escape ladders if your residence has
more than one level.
26. Never use flammable liquids indoors.
Never smoke near flammable liquids.
Never smoke in bed or when drowsy or
medicated. Provide smokers with deep,
sturdy ashtrays. Douse cigarette and cigar
butts with water before disposal.
27. Be careful when using heating sources and
Keep matches and lighters up high, away
from children, and, if possible, in a locked
Have the electrical wiring in your residence
checked by an electrician.
28. Install fire extinguishers in your residence and
teach family members how to use them.
Consider installing an automatic fire sprinkler
system in your residence.
Ask your local fire department to inspect your
residence for fire safety and prevention.
30. If your clothes catch on fire, you should: stop,
drop, and roll - until the fire is extinguished.
Running only makes the fire burn faster.
To escape a fire, you should check closed
doors for heat before you open them. If the
door is hot, do not open. Try to escape
through other door or window.
If the door is cool, open slowly and ensure
fire and/or smoke is not blocking your escape
31. Crawl low under any smoke to your exit -
heavy smoke and poisonous gases collect
first along the ceiling.
Close doors behind you as you escape to
delay the spread of the fire.
33. The First priority should always be the safety
of your family, co-workers, employees, etc,
then you can assess the damage.
If you are in need of temporary housing,
medicine, or food contact your local disaster
relief service, such as The Red Cross.
Check with your fire department to ensure
your home or business is safe to enter.
34. Try to locate valuable documents and records
and don’t throw away any damaged goods
until after an inventory is created.
You should save all receipts for any costs you
incur related to the fire, they may be needed
by the insurance company or for your losses
that may be claimed on your income tax.
39. Know/Have an evacuation plan
once an earthquake hits, including
where to go, what to do, and what
to bring in a go-bag.
1 Secure any objects within
your home or office that
might fall during an
40. Prepare firefighting equipment.
Fires are the second most
damaging part of an earthquake
3 Practice DROP, COVER, and
o DROP to your hands and knees
o Take COVER under a sturdy desk/table
o HOLD ON to something until the shaking
42. Move away from
and heavy objects.
1 DROP, COVER, and
Wait until the
shaking stops before
If you’re indoors:
43. Head for an open space (park, parking
lot, open field) and stay away from any
buildings, street lamps, trees, or walls).
Get on your hands and knees and
stay low to the ground. If you’re
in a car, pull over to a clear area
and stay in your car.
If you’re outdoors:
45. If you were indoors during the
quake, grab your go bag and get
out of the building. Use the stairs,
NOT THE ELEVATOR.
1 Once out, stay away from
46. If an aftershock hits, DROP, COVER,
and HOLD ON.1 Do not go back inside your
house/building unless the
authorities tell you it’s safe to do