GBU3. A repreensão de Jesus: não à religião sem frutos Marcos 11:1–26

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Uma introdução a Marcos & Marcos 11:1–26 (Tony Watkins, 20/9/2009)

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  • Jesus’s rebuke: Overturning dead religion (Mark 11:1–26)
    >> Three symbolic acts
  • Three symbolic acts
    >> The triumphal entry
  • The triumphal entry
    >> Clearing out the temple
  • Clearing out the temple
    >> Cursing the fig tree
  • Cursing the fig tree
    >> Movement in Mark 11:1–26
  • Movement in Mark 11:1–26: IN: Triumphal entry (1–11) / OUT: (11) / IN: Clearing the temple (12–18) / OUT: (19) / IN: Withered fig tree (20–26)
    >> triumphal entry
  • Movement in Mark 11:1–26: IN: Triumphal entry (1–11) / OUT: (11) / IN: Clearing the temple (12–18) / OUT: (19) / IN: Withered fig tree (20–26)
    >> triumphal entry
  • Movement in Mark 11:1–26: IN: Triumphal entry (1–11) / OUT: (11) / IN: Clearing the temple (12–18) / OUT: (19) / IN: Withered fig tree (20–26)
    >> triumphal entry
  • Movement in Mark 11:1–26: IN: Triumphal entry (1–11) / OUT: (11) / IN: Clearing the temple (12–18) / OUT: (19) / IN: Withered fig tree (20–26)
    >> triumphal entry
  • Movement in Mark 11:1–26: IN: Triumphal entry (1–11) / OUT: (11) / IN: Clearing the temple (12–18) / OUT: (19) / IN: Withered fig tree (20–26)
    >> triumphal entry
  • Movement in Mark 11:1–26: IN: Triumphal entry (1–11) / OUT: (11) / IN: Clearing the temple (12–18) / OUT: (19) / IN: Withered fig tree (20–26)
    >> triumphal entry
  • Movement in Mark 11:1–26: IN: Triumphal entry (1–11) / OUT: (11) / IN: Clearing the temple (12–18) / OUT: (19) / IN: Withered fig tree (20–26)
    >> triumphal entry
  • Movement in Mark 11:1–26: IN: Triumphal entry (1–11) / OUT: (11) / IN: Clearing the temple (12–18) / OUT: (19) / IN: Withered fig tree (20–26)
    >> triumphal entry
  • Movement in Mark 11:1–26: IN: Triumphal entry (1–11) / OUT: (11) / IN: Clearing the temple (12–18) / OUT: (19) / IN: Withered fig tree (20–26)
    >> triumphal entry
  • Movement in Mark 11:1–26: IN: Triumphal entry (1–11) / OUT: (11) / IN: Clearing the temple (12–18) / OUT: (19) / IN: Withered fig tree (20–26)
    >> triumphal entry
  • Triumphal entry
    Parallels with other triumphal entries, esp. w/ Jewish accounts of victory parades into Jerusalem
    >> Homecoming parade pic
  • >> Arch of Titus
  • Celebration of victory
    >> Today’s victory parades are in buses
  • >> Parade into the city
  • Arch of Titus: on Via Sacra just to the SE of Forum. Constructed by Domitian shortly after the death of older brother Titus (born AD 41, emperor 79-81), commemorating the capture and sack of Jerusalem in 70
    >> Celebration of victory
  • Parade into the city
    >> Welcome – acclamation / praise
  • Welcome – acclamation / praise
    Entry into the temple
  • Entry into the temple
    >> Sacrifice
  • Sacrifice
    >> Jesus as anointed victor
  • Jesus as anointed victor
    >> Anointing at baptism (‘my Son’)
  • Anointing at baptism (‘my Son’)
    >> Victory over Satan in wilderness
  • Victory over Satan in wilderness
    >> Authority over sickness, demons and death
  • Authority over sickness, demons and death
    >> Increasingly seen as Messiah
  • Increasingly seen as Messiah
    >> Parade into the city
  • Parade into the city
    >> Mt of Olives
  • Starts at Mount of Olives
    >> Jersusalem from Mt of Olives
  • On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west . . . Then the LORD my God will come, and all the holy ones with him. (Zechariah 14:4)
    >> requisitions transport
  • requisitions transport
    >> Zechariah 9:9
  • Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey. Zechariah 9:9
    >> Welcome – acclamation / praise
  • Welcome – acclamation / praise: Hosanna=Save now! Blessings. . . Ps 118:25–26; 148:1 Ps 118 associated with Sukkot/Tabernacles
    Zech 14 - all earth
    >> goes to the temple
  • goes to the temple: The crowds disappear now – sense that nothing had happened?
    Note ‘looked around’ – assessment preparing us for judgment
    >> Malachi 3:1
  • See, I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come, says the LORD Almighty. Malachi 3:1
    >> Malachi 3:2–3
  • But who can endure the day of his coming? Who can stand when he appears? For he will be like a refiner's fire or a launderer's soap. He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver; he will purify the Levites and refine them like gold and silver. Malachi 3:2–3
    >> no sacrifice
  • no sacrifice
    >> cross
  • The fig tree
    >> Leaves in March or April
  • The fig tree: Leaves in March or April – around Passover time; Fruit in June
    >> Fig tree in spring pic
  • The fig tree: Leaves in March or April – around Passover time; Fruit in June
    >> Fig tree in spring pic
  • Note buds on the tree – prior to leaves. Figs on tree are left over from previous season. Jesus might expect to find figs from the previous season (as in this image) –indicating that the tree was indeed a fruit–bearing tree. (Dr. Carl Rasmussen)
    >> So why does Jesus curse it?
  • So why does Jesus curse it?
    >> A bizarre fit of rage?
  • A bizarre fit of rage?
    >> TW Manson quote
  • It is a tale of miraculous power wasted in the service of ill temper (for the super-natural energy employed to blast the unfortunate tree might have been more usefully expended in forcing a crop of figs out of season); and as it stands it is simply incredible. – T.W. Manson (Rylands Chair of Biblical Criticism and Exegesis, Manchester, 1936–1958)
    >> A symbolic action?
  • A symbolic action?
    >> Mark sandwich
  • Mark sandwich: Cursing the fig tree (12-14) // Incident in the temple (11-19) // The withered tree (20-26)
    >> The temple incident
  • Mark sandwich: Cursing the fig tree (12-14) // Incident in the temple (11-19) // The withered tree (20-26)
    >> The temple incident
  • Mark sandwich: Cursing the fig tree (12-14) // Incident in the temple (11-19) // The withered tree (20-26)
    >> The temple incident
  • The temple incident
    >> temple area
  • Symbolic prophetic action
    >> Rejecting exploitation
  • Rejecting exploitation. Selling sacrificial animals & money changing a month before passover (controlled by priests).Exchange rate - 4 to 8%
    >> temple courts
  • Rejecting the High Priest’s authority – would have pleased the Pharisees who were opposed to the High Priest having so much power. But too late – makes the Sadducees and Pharisees into unlikely allies
    >> Rejecting the temple system
  • Rejecting the temple system (poss. v.16)
    >> Isaiah 56:7
  • These [foreigners] I will bring to my holy mountain and give them joy in my house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and sacrifices will be accepted on my altar; for my house will be called a house of prayer for all nations. (Isaiah 56:7)
    >> Jeremiah 7:11
  • ‘Has this house, which bears my Name, become a den of robbers to you? But I have been watching!’ declares the LORD. (Jeremiah 7:11)
    >> the symbol of the fig tree
  • the symbol of the fig tree
    >> Hosea 9:10
  • When I found Israel, it was like finding grapes in the desert; when I saw your ancestors, it was like seeing the early fruit on the fig tree. (Hosea 9:10)
    >> Jesus cursing the tree = Jesus rejecting the temple
  • Jesus cursing the tree = Jesus rejecting the temple
    >> lots of outward show
  • lots of outward show
    >> no fruit
  • no fruit
    >> What fruit is Jesus looking for?
  • What fruit is Jesus looking for?
    >>Prayer motivated by true faith
  • Prayer motivated by true faith – dependance on God
    >> Good relationships
  • Good relationships – Authentic community
    >> Good news reaching all nations
  • Good news reaching all nations – Missional
  • GBU3. A repreensão de Jesus: não à religião sem frutos Marcos 11:1–26

    1. 1. A psão de Jus: não à gião s s Maos 11:1–26 1 Monday, 23 November 2009
    2. 2. Três as simbócos 2 Monday, 23 November 2009
    3. 3. A entrada triunfal 3 Monday, 23 November 2009
    4. 4. A limpeza do templo 4 Monday, 23 November 2009
    5. 5. A maldição sobre a figueira 5 Monday, 23 November 2009
    6. 6. • Entra: Entrada triunfal (1–11) • Sai: (11) • Entra: A limpeza do templo (12–18) • Sai: (19) • Entra: A figueira seca (20–26) Monday, 23 November 2009
    7. 7. A Eada iunl 7 Monday, 23 November 2009
    8. 8. © Tony Watkins © Ron Dough, Used under a Creative Commons licence 8 Monday, 23 November 2009
    9. 9. Celebração da vitória 9 Monday, 23 November 2009
    10. 10. Ash 2003 ©Ben Sutherland. Used under a Creative Commons licence 10 Monday, 23 November 2009
    11. 11. Ah of Ts © Howard Hudson. Used under a Creative Commons licence 11 Monday, 23 November 2009
    12. 12. Cortejo a entrar na cidade 12 Monday, 23 November 2009
    13. 13. Boas-vindas – aclamação/elogio © Steve Punter. Used under a Creative Commons licence 13 Monday, 23 November 2009
    14. 14. Entrada no templo 14 Monday, 23 November 2009
    15. 15. Sacrifício 15 Monday, 23 November 2009
    16. 16. Marcos apresenta Jesus como um vencedor ungido 16 Monday, 23 November 2009
    17. 17. Ungido no Baptismo (‘meu filho’) 1:11 17 Monday, 23 November 2009
    18. 18. Vitória sobre Satanás no deserto 1:13 18 Monday, 23 November 2009
    19. 19. Vitória sobre a doença, os demónios e a morte 19 Monday, 23 November 2009
    20. 20. Cada vez mais encarado como o Messias 8:29; 10:47-48 20 Monday, 23 November 2009
    21. 21. A entrada triunfal de Jesus 21 Monday, 23 November 2009
    22. 22. Image(s) courtesy of www.HolyLandPhotos.org Monday, 23 November 2009
    23. 23. Naquele dia estarão os seus pés sobre o monte das Oliveiras, que está defronte de Jerusalém para o oriente; se o monte das Oliveiras será fendido pelo meio, do oriente para o ocidente e haverá um vale muito grande; e metade do monte se removerá para o norte, e a outra metade dele para o sul. Zacarias 14:4 23 Monday, 23 November 2009
    24. 24. Requisita transporte Monday, 23 November 2009
    25. 25. Alegra-te muito, ó filha de Sião; exulta, ó filha de Jerusalém; eis que vem a ti o teu rei; ele é justo e traz a salvação; ele é humilde e vem montado sobre um jumento, sobre um jumentinho, filho de jumenta. Zacarias 9:9 25 Monday, 23 November 2009
    26. 26. Recebe aclamação / elogio 26 Monday, 23 November 2009
    27. 27. Vai ao templo 27 Monday, 23 November 2009
    28. 28. Eis que eu envio o meu mensageiro, e ele há de preparar o caminho diante de mim; e de repente virá ao seu templo o Senhor, a quem vós buscais, e o anjo do pacto, a quem vós desejais; eis que ele vem, diz o Senhor dos exércitos. Malaquias 3:1 28 Monday, 23 November 2009
    29. 29. Mas quem suportará o dia da sua vinda? e quem subsistirá, quando ele aparecer? Pois ele será como o fogo de fundidor e como o sabão de lavandeiros; assentar-se-á como fundidor e purificador de prata; e purificará os filhos de Levi, e os refinará como ouro e como prata, até que tragam ao Senhor ofertas em justiça. Malaquias 3:2–3 29 Monday, 23 November 2009
    30. 30. sem sacrificios 30 Monday, 23 November 2009
    31. 31. A gu 31 Monday, 23 November 2009
    32. 32. • Folhas em Março ou Abril – around Passover time • Fruto em Junho 32 Monday, 23 November 2009
    33. 33. Image(s) courtesy of www.HolyLandPhotos.org 33 Monday, 23 November 2009
    34. 34. Então porque é que Jesus a amaldiçoa? 34 Monday, 23 November 2009
    35. 35. Um bizarro ataque de raiva? 35 Monday, 23 November 2009
    36. 36. ‘É um relato de poder milagroso desperdiçado ao serviço de um ataque de raiva (porque a energia sobrenatural utilizada para secar a pobre árvore bem podia ter sido mais bem empregue para produzir uma colheita de figos fora de época); e tal como nos aparece é simplesmente inacreditável.’ T.W. Manson 36 Monday, 23 November 2009
    37. 37. Um acto simbólico? 37 Monday, 23 November 2009
    38. 38. Uma “sand de Maos” • Amaldiçoa a figueira (12-14) •O incidente no templo (11-19) • A árvore seca (20-26) 38 Monday, 23 November 2009
    39. 39. O incide no mp 39 Monday, 23 November 2009
    40. 40. Um acto profético simbólico 40 Monday, 23 November 2009
    41. 41. Rejeição da exploração 41 Monday, 23 November 2009
    42. 42. Rejeição da autoridade do sumo sacerdote 42 Monday, 23 November 2009
    43. 43. Rejeição do sistema do templo 43 Monday, 23 November 2009
    44. 44. . . . sim, a esses [estrangeiros] os levarei ao meu santo monte, e os alegrarei na minha casa de oração; os seus holocaustos e os seus sacrifícios serão aceitos no meu altar; porque a minha casa será chamada casa de oração para todos os povos. Isaías 56:7 44 Monday, 23 November 2009
    45. 45. Tornou-se, pois, esta casa, que se chama pelo meu nome, uma caverna de salteadores aos vossos olhos? Eis que eu, eu mesmo, vi isso, diz o Senhor. Jeremias 7:11 45 Monday, 23 November 2009
    46. 46. O simbolismo da figueira 46 Monday, 23 November 2009
    47. 47. Achei a Israel como uvas no deserto, vi a vossos pais como a fruta temporã da figueira no seu princípio. Oséias 9:10 47 Monday, 23 November 2009
    48. 48. Jesus a amaldiçoar a árvore é simbólico da sua rejeição do tempoli 48 Monday, 23 November 2009
    49. 49. Muito espectáculo exterior 49 Monday, 23 November 2009
    50. 50. mas não há fruto 50 Monday, 23 November 2009
    51. 51. De que  é que Jus á à pcu? 51 Monday, 23 November 2009
    52. 52. Oração motivada por fé verdadeira 11:22–24 52 Monday, 23 November 2009
    53. 53. Bons relacionamentos 11:25 53 Monday, 23 November 2009
    54. 54. As boas notícias chegarem a todas as nações 11:17 54 Monday, 23 November 2009

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