Les centres urbains

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  • Les centres urbains

    1. 1. Les centresLes centresUrbainsUrbainsEcole polytechnique d’architecture et d’urbanisme.Ecole polytechnique d’architecture et d’urbanisme.Travail présenté par:•YOUYOU Leila•BOUGHANEM Sihem•BENOUNICHE Mohamed
    2. 2. IntroductionIntroduction1.1. Définitions de :Définitions de :Ville, Urbain, centre urbain, centralité .Ville, Urbain, centre urbain, centralité .2.2. passage du monocentrisme au polycentrisme.passage du monocentrisme au polycentrisme. Quelques problèmes des centres urbains.Quelques problèmes des centres urbains. Intervention des urbanistes.Intervention des urbanistes. Vi l l es exi sta n tes / Vi l l esn ou vel l es. Développement des villes.Développement des villes. Définition du système de centre selon « ZUCCHELLI ».Définition du système de centre selon « ZUCCHELLI ».4.4. Classification des centres.Classification des centres. La composition.La composition. La fonction.La fonction. La configuration spatiale.(relation ville:/centre)La configuration spatiale.(relation ville:/centre) La proximitéLa proximité4.4. Etude d’exemple: cas du centre d’AlgerEtude d’exemple: cas du centre d’AlgerConclusion: méthode de projection d’un centre.Conclusion: méthode de projection d’un centre.Plan de travailPlan de travail
    3. 3. Qu’es que la ville?Qu’es que la ville?’’’’Qu’es que l’urbain ?Qu’es que l’urbain ?’’’’
    4. 4. Que ce qu’un centre urbain?Que ce qu’un centre urbain?’’’’
    5. 5. ’’
    6. 6. ’’
    7. 7. ’’ ’’     ’
    8. 8. StockholmStockholmNew YorkNew York
    9. 9.  ’’’’ ’’’’ Qu’es que la centralité?Qu’es que la centralité?
    10. 10. PROBLEMES DES CENTRESPROBLEMES DES CENTRES
    11. 11. .’’’’
    12. 12. ’’.
    13. 13. ’’’’’’
    14. 14. ’’
    15. 15. Centre de Chester(Angleterre)’’’’’’’’
    16. 16. Pourquoi, et quand passe-t-on d’unà plusieurs centres?’’’’’’
    17. 17. Qu’es que la polycentralité?Qu’es que la polycentralité?’’’’’’
    18. 18. .
    19. 19. ’’
    20. 20. 
    21. 21. 
    22. 22. ’’
    23. 23. ’’’’’
    24. 24. 
    25. 25. ’’’’
    26. 26. ’’’’’’’’
    27. 27. ’’
    28. 28. CLASSIFICATION DESCLASSIFICATION DESCENTRESCENTRES ’CENTREHISTORIQUECENTREAFFAIRESEXCENTREADMINISTRATIF
    29. 29. LA FONCTION
    30. 30. Exemple de centre historique:Exemple de centre historique:La CASBAH d’Alger.La CASBAH d’Alger.
    31. 31. Exemple de centre vécu:Exemple de centre vécu:
    32. 32. Exemple de centre administratif:Exemple de centre administratif:
    33. 33. Exemple de centre d’affaireExemple de centre d’affaire
    34. 34. Quartier de la défense (Paris)Quartier de la défense (Paris)’’ ŕŕ
    35. 35. La tour Montparnasse (Paris).La tour Montparnasse (Paris).
    36. 36. LA PROXIMITE
    37. 37. Le centre « local » :Le centre « local » :Ce centre s’intéresse qu’a une partie restreinte deCe centre s’intéresse qu’a une partie restreinte depopulation en raison des biens et services primairespopulation en raison des biens et services primairesqu’il offre, ce centre présente une accessibilitéqu’il offre, ce centre présente une accessibilitépiétonne très facile.piétonne très facile.
    38. 38. ’’’’’’
    39. 39. ’’’’’’’’’’HUSSEIN DEYHUSSEIN DEY
    40. 40. Le centre « terminal »:Le centre « terminal »:C’est le centre supérieur oules habitants se rendentexceptionnellement pourexceptionnellement pourprofiter de la rareté et laprofiter de la rareté et laqualité de certain biensqualité de certain bienset services.et services.Ou tout simplement pourOu tout simplement pourprofiter de l’animationprofiter de l’animationcréer par la diversité descréer par la diversité desactivitésactivités
    41. 41. LA CONFIGURATION SPATIALE.
    42. 42. Centre en tache’’’’
    43. 43. STADTKERNSTADTKERN DEDEMANNHEIMMANNHEIM
    44. 44. Centre en linéaire’’’’’’..
    45. 45. ’
    46. 46. Centre ponctuel:’’’’’’
    47. 47. 
    48. 48. Variante d’aménagement concernant laVariante d’aménagement concernant lacentralité d’Algercentralité d’Algerproposition du CNERUproposition du CNERUPUD 1983’.
    49. 49. Recommandations du CNERU pourRecommandations du CNERU pourl’aménagement du centre d’ALGERl’aménagement du centre d’ALGER
    50. 50. Actions engagées dans le périmètreActions engagées dans le périmètreHamma-HusseinHamma-Hussein--DeyDeyCNERU 1985
    51. 51. Bibliographie:Bibliographie:       l’urbanismel’urbanisme    d’hierd’hieraujourd’huiaujourd’hui 

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