Talimun islam

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Talimun islam

  1. 1. 1W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O„ѨHÍâ◊‰õΩÅ∞ǨÏnãπѨa¡ˆH+¨<£ûÃÇ·Ï^Œ~åÉÏ^£W™ê¡"£∞r=#q^è•#O(`åb=ÚÖò W™ê¡"£∞)ã¨OHõÅ#O=∞øÖÏ<å=ÚMÏÎ~üJÇπÏ=∞^£#^£g(~°Ç¨ ‡Öˇ·)J#∞"å^ŒO=ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£*ÏH˜~üL=∞sPublishedbyHADITH PUBLICATIONSAshfaqWaheedH.No. 10-2-318/1/87, Vijaya Nagar Colony,Hyderabad-57 (A.P.) India. Phone: 9440354945Taleemul IslamIslam JeevanaVidhanam (Telugu)Writer : Moulana Muqtar Ahmed Nadvi (R.A.)Translator : Mohd. Zakir UmariEdited by : Hafiz MD. Abdul Rawoof UmariAll Rights Reserved with PublishersFirst Edition : January 2011Copies : 3000Price : Rs. 60/-AZIZURRAHMAN YUNUSS/o. H.Md. Abdur Rawoof Umari# 80-11/129E-17, AbbasNagar, Karnool-2Phone: 9849492445 Cell: 8121217938MD.ABDULMASTANH.No. 19-428/30, Z.P. ColonyChilkalpudi, MachilipatnamKrishna Dist.-521002Phone: 250027NIZAM MOHIUDDINH.No. 51-987A, Plot. No.17SBI Colony, Near Water WorksKurnool -3 Phone: 251525SYED NOORAl-Ahasaa- Al Afoo, KSACell:00966507947212ANWAR BASHAH.No. 11-1-25, B.R.P. Road,Islampet, Vijayawada -520001Phone: 9849378668DECCAN TRADERSMoghalpura, Near Water TankHyderabadCopies can be had from ѨÙã¨ÎHÍÅ∞ ÅaèOK«∞ z~°∞<å=∂:HAFIZFAROOQMADANIIslamic Guidence Centre,Haill, KSA.Cell:00966502985504MOHD. ALI & SONSMoter Parts, RS Road, NandyalKurnool Dist.
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  8. 8. 8W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O==∞Ü«Úºãπe"£∞ =*òǨÏǨ˙ WÅÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï =Ǩï= =ÚÇπÏã≤#∞<£ Ѷ¨Ykã¨Î"£∞ã¨HõaÖòL~ü=uÖò=ÙãπMÏ`«##∞ `å#∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ JOH˜`«O KÕã¨∞‰õΩ#fl ã¨[˚#∞_»∞ "åã¨Î=OQÍ ^Œ$_è»"≥∞ÿ#P^è•~°O Ѩ@∞ì‰õΩ#fl>Ëì . (Å∞Mχ<£ – 22)7. „¿Ñ=∞ : Ѩq„`« =K«#O Ѩ@¡ qâßfiã¨O Hõey LO_»@"Õ∞ HÍHõ ^•x Ѩ@¡ „¿Ñ=∞‰õÄ_® Hõey LO_®e. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ „¿Ñq∞OKÕ"å_»∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ^èŒ~°‡"≥∞ÿ#W™ê¡"£∞#∞ `«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_® „¿Ñq∞™êÎ_»∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ „¿Ñq∞OK«x "å_çH˜ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ^èŒ~°‡O Ѩ@¡‰õÄ_® „¿Ñ=∞ LO_»^Œ∞.=ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ∞„~°ã¨∂Å∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏÜ≥ÚHõ¯ÉèÏ=OL`«Î=∞ =K«#O Ü≥ÚHõ¯ Ô~O_»= ÉèÏQÆO =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ∞„~° ã¨∂Å∞ ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ JO>Ë=ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨) JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ z=i ã¨`«º „Ѩ=HõÎ Jx J~°÷O. PÜ«∞xfl „Ѩ=HõÎQÍ ÉèÏqOK«_»=∞O>Ë=Úã≤¡=ÚÅ∞ PÜ«∞# P^ÕâßÅhfl˜h áêiîOK«_»O. PÜ«∞# É’^èŒ#Å#∞ ã¨`«º"≥∞ÿ#qQÍÉèÏqOK«_»O, PÜ«∞# x¿+kèOz# "å˜H˜, ã¨fiÜ«∞O HõeÊ`åʼnõΩ, =¸_è®Kå~åʼnõΩ^Œ∂~°OQÍ LO_»@O Jx J~°÷O. „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) Ü≥ÚHõ¯ ™êO„Ѩ^•Ü«∂xfl J#∞ã¨iOzJÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ P~åkèOKåe. PÜ«∞# P^ÕâßÅ#∞, PK«~°}Å#∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ `«Ñ¨Ê W`«~°∞ÅO^ŒiP^ÕâßÅ, PK«~°}ÅHõO>Ë „âı+¨ì"≥∞ÿ#qQÍ ÉèÏqOKåe.„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) Ü≥ÚHõ¯ ™êO„Ѩ^•Ü«∂xH˜ ã¨O|OkèOz# „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞ ÅaèOz#"≥O@<Õ W`«~°∞Å P^ÕâßÅ#∞, PK«~°}Å#∞ QÆ∞iOz PÖ’zOK«_»O J#=ã¨~°OQÍÉèÏqOKåe „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) Ü≥ÚHõ¯ ^≥·=^Ò`«ºO Ѩ@¡ qâßfiã¨O, PÜ«∞# P^ÕâߊѨ@¡q^èÕÜ«∞`å ÉèÏ=O QÆ∞iOz D „H˜Ok "åHͺÅ#∞ ZšѨÙÊ_»∞ ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ LOK«∞HÀ"åe.JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P^Õâ◊O :==∂ P`å‰õΩ=Ú„~°ã¨∂Å∞ Ѷ¨Y∞EǨï ==∂ #Ǩ ‰õΩ"£∞ P<£Ç¨ï Ѷ¨<£`«Ç¨˙1. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ „Ѩ=HõÎ g∞‰õΩ P^ÕtOz# "å˜x fã¨∞HÀO_ç x¿+kèOz# "å˜H˜ ^Œ∂~°OQÍLO_»O_ç. (JÖò Ǩτ+π – 7)2. #=∞‡HõO : D Hõe=∞ `«~Úº|ÇπÏ L`«Î=∞ =K«#O Ѩ@¡ ^Œ$_è»#=∞‡HõO HõeyLO_®e. ^•xѨ@¡ Z@∞=O˜ ã¨O^ÕǨ ʼnõΩ J#∞=∂<åʼnõΩ QÆ∞iHÍ~å^Œ∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ=∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# LxH˜, QÆ∞}QÆ}ÏŠѨ@¡ ѨÓiÎ #=∞‡HõO Hõey LO_®e.3. z`«Îâ◊√kú : Ѩq„`« =K«#O „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iã¨∂Î XHõ¯ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ<Õ z`«Îâ◊√kú`ÀP~åkèOKåe. |Ǩï^≥·"å~å^èŒ#‰õΩ ~°=fiO`«~Ú<å J=HÍâ◊q∞=fi~å^Œ∞. =∞#O^ŒiP~å^èŒ#Å∞ ã¨fiK«Ûù`« Hõey JÖÏ¡ÇπψH JOH˜`«O HÍ"åe.JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P^Õâ◊O :Y∞Öò Whfl Lq∞~ü`«∞ J<£ P|∞^ŒÖÏ¡Ç¨Ï =ÚMòeã¨<£ ÅǨïnÌ#WÖÏ Ñ¨Å∞‰õΩ ^èŒ~å‡xfl JÖÏ¡ÇπψH JOH˜`«O KÕã¨∂Î PÜ«∞<Õfl P~åkèOKåÅx <å‰õΩP^ÕtOK«|_çOk. (JA˚=∞~ü – 11)4. ã¨`«º ã¨O^èŒ`« : Ѩq„`« =K«#O Ju ã¨`«º"≥∞ÿ# =K«#=∞x ^Œ$_è» qâßfiã¨OHõey LO_®e. ˆH=ÅO JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ<Õ P~å^èŒ∞ºxQÍ ÉèÏqOz PÜ«∞<Õfl P~åkèã¨∂Î LO_®e.ǨÏ$^ŒÜ«∞ HÍѨϺxH˜ QÆ∞i HÍ~å^Œ∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë HõѨÏHÍ~°∞Å∞ ‰õÄ_® ÖÏ~ÚÖÏǨÏWÅ¡ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Jx ѨeˆH"å~°∞ HÍx "åi ǨÏ$^ŒÜ«∂Å∞ Jk ã¨`«º =K«#=∞x ÉèÏqOKÕqHÍ=Ù. "åi QÆ∞iOz JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (`«) WÖÏ P^ÕtOKå_»∞.Ü«∞Y∂Å∂# – aJÖòã≤#u Ç≤Ï"£∞ – =∂Öˇ·ã¨ – Ѷ‘ Y∞Å∂aÇ≤Ï"£∞"å~°∞ `«=∞ ǨÏ$^ŒÜ«∂Ö’¡ ÖËx q+¨Ü«∂efl "≥Å¡_çã¨∞Î<åfl~°∞ (JÖòѶ¨`üÇπÏ – 11)5. ã‘fiHõ~°} : Ѩq„`« =K«<åxfl xã¨ûOHÀK«OQÍ ã‘fiHõiOKåe. H˘O^Œ~°∞ Ѩq„`«=K«<åxfl <À˜`À LK«Ûùiã¨∂Î, ^•x J~°÷O `≥eã≤ LO_ç ‰õÄ_® JǨÏOHÍ~åO, JǨÏOÉèÏ=O,D~嬺^ÕfiëêÅ =Å¡ D =K«<åxfl JOwHõiOK«~°∞.6. q^èÕÜ«∞`«: Ѩq„`« =K«<åxfl JOwHõiOz# `«~åfi`« JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P^ÕâßʼnõΩ ѨÓiÎQÍq^èÕÜ«ÚÅ∞ HÍ"åe. JO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P^ÕâßÅ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iã¨∂Î, PÜ«∞# x¿+kèOz#"å˜H˜ Ju^Œ∂~°OQÍ L#flѨÙÊ_Õ Ñ¨iѨÓ~°‚ q^èÕÜ«∞`« J=Ù`«∞Ok. W™ê¡"£∞ JO>Ë =∂#=Ù_»∞=∞<À"åHõ¯~°‡Å JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Ñ¨@¡ q^èÕÜ«∞`« Hõey LO_®e. UHõ^≥·"å~å^èŒ# =∞iÜ«Ú ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎQÍi J#∞ã¨~°} ^•fi~å JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ ã¨O`«$Ñ≤ΠѨ~°Kåe.JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P^Õâ◊O :15 16
  9. 9. 9W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O„Ѩ=HõÎ P[˝efl =ºuˆ~H˜OKÕ"å~°∞ `å=Ú U^≥·<å „Ñ¨=∂^ŒOÖ’ z‰õΩ¯‰õΩ áÈ`å"Õ∞"≥∂#x ÖË^• ^Œ∞~°ƒù~° ^≥·= tHõ∆‰õΩ QÆ∞~°=Ù`å"Õ∞"≥∂#x `«Åz ÉèíÜ«∞Ѩ_®e.(J#∂fl~ü – 63)„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) P^Õâ◊O :=∂ P^ÕâßxH˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ PK«iOz# "åx PK«~°} ~°^ŒÌ=Ù`«∞Ok.(=Ú`«ÎѶ¨‰õΩ<£ JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï)<å `«~°∞"å`« <å ™êO„Ѩ^•Ü«∂xfl, ã¨[˚#∞Öˇ·# „Ѩux^èŒ∞Å ™êO„Ѩ^•Ü«∂<Õfl#∞ã¨iOK«O_ç. (J|∂^•=Ó^£ –4607, u~üq∞l–2676, WÉËfl=∂[)«W#fl=∂HÍ# M∫ÅÖò =¸q∞h# W*Ï ^Œ∞T WÅÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï =~°ã¨∂eÇ‘Ï eÜ«∞ÇπωõΩ=∞ɡ·#Ǩï"£∞ JÜ«∞ºY∂Å∂ ã¨g∞<å = J`å<å = LÖÏ~ÚHõ Ǩï=ÚÖò =ÚѶπeǨ˙<£2. ã¨`«ºqâßfiã¨∞Å∞ "åi q"å^•Å#∞ Ѩi+¨¯iOK«_®xH˜ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ "≥·Ñ¨Ù PÜ«∞#„Ѩ=HõÎ "≥·Ñ¨Ù Ñ≤ez#ѨÙÊ_»∞ "Õ∞=Ú q<åflO q^èÕÜ«ÚÅ =∞Ü«∂ºO Jx J<åe. W@∞=O˜"åˆ~ ™êѶ¨ÅºO á⁄O^Õ"å~°∞. (J#∂fl~ü – 51)Ѷ¨ÖÏ=~°aƒHõ ÖÏÜ«¸q∞#∂# ǨÏ`åÎ Ü«ÚǨÏH˜¯=¸Hõ Ѷ‘=∂ +¨[~° ɡ·#Ǩï"£∞ã¨∞=∞‡ ÖÏ Ü«∞l^Œ∂ Ѷ‘ J<£Ñ¨Ùã≤Ç≤Ï"£∞ ǨÏ~°[<£ q∞=∂‡ Y*ˇ·`« = Ü«Úã¨e¡=¸`«ãπb=∂3. h „ѨÉèí∞=Ù ™êH˜∆ ! "å~°∞ `«=∞ q"å^•Å Ѩiëê¯~° q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ x#∞fl <åºÜ«∞xˆ~‚`«QÍ JOwHõiOz, "å˜ÃÑ· h=Ù WKÕÛ f~°∞ÊÅѨ@¡ U=∂„`«O ã¨OHÀzOK«‰õΩO_®Ñ¨ÓiÎQÍ ã‘fiHõiOz#O`« =~°‰õÄ "å~°∞ Jã¨Öˇ·# qâßfiã¨∞Å∞ HÍÖË~°∞. (Jxfl™ê – 65)4. Y∞ÖòW<£ ‰õΩ<£ `«∞"£∞ `«∞Ç≤Ï|∂ƒ#ÖÏ¡Ç¨Ï Ñ¶¨`«Îa Th Ü«ÚÇπÏ aÉò‰õΩ=ÚÖϡǨï =Ü«∞Q∑Ѷ≤~üʼnõΩ"£∞ A#∂|‰õΩ"£∞ =ÖϡǨï QÆѶ¨Ó~°∞~ü ~°Ç‘Ï"£∞Y∞Öò Jf LÖÏ¡Ç¨Ï =„~°ã¨∂ŠѶ¨~Ú<£ `«=Ö∫¡"£ Ѷ¨~Ú#flÖϡǨÏÖÏÜ«ÚÇ≤Ï|∞ƒÖò HÍѶ≤s<£WÖÏ Ñ¨Å∞‰õΩ ! g∞~°∞ x[OQÍ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ „¿Ñq∞OKÕ"åˆ~ J~Ú`Õ ##∞fl J#∞ã¨iOK«O_ç JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ q∞=∞‡efl „¿Ñq∞™êÎ_»∞. g∞ JѨ~å^èŒÅ∞ =∞xfl™êÎ_»∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏZO`À Hõ∆q∞OKÕ"å_»∂, Hõ~°∞}˜OKÕ"å_»∂#∞. WOHÍ WÖÏ Ñ¨Å∞‰õΩ. JÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ, „Ѩ=HõΉõΩq^èÕÜ«∞`« K«∂ѨO_ç. XHõ "Õà◊ g∞~°∞ u~°ã¨¯i¿ãÎ QÆ∞~°∞ÎOK«∞HÀO_ç. xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏã¨`«ºu~°™ê¯~°∞efl ZO`« =∂„`«O „¿Ñq∞OK«_»∞. (PeW„=∂<£ – 31,32)Ѷ¨ÖòÜ«∞ÇπÏ[iÅ¡r# Ü«ÚMÏeѶ¨Ó# J<£J"£∞iÇ‘Ï J<£`«∞ã‘|Ǩï"£∞Ѷ≤`ü#`«∞<£ J"£ Ü«Úã‘ |Ǩï"£∞ J*Ï|∞<£ Jb"£∞17 18« =ÚMº QÆ=∞xHõJÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Hõ$Ѩ=Å# Z<Àfl J=¸Åº q+¨Ü«∂Å =∞}˜Ç¨ ~°"≥∞ÿ# D ѨÙã¨ÎHÍxflPO„^è•=xH˜ JOkã¨∂Î ZO`À ã¨O`À+≤ã¨∞Î<åfl=Ú. WO^Œ∞Ö’ „Ѩu ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ ã¨O|OkèOz#ѨÓiÎ ã¨=∂Kå~åxfl ǨÏnã¨∞ „áê=∂}˜Hõ`«#∞, <≥O|~°∞#∞ JOkOKå=Ú. HÍ=Ù# „áê=∂}˜Hõ"≥∞ÿ# (ã¨Ç‘ÏÇπÏ) ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ =∂„`«"Õ∞ PK«iOKåÅx, |ÅÇ‘Ï# ([~¸Ñ¶π) ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞PK«iOK«‰õÄ_»^Œx áê~î°‰õΩÅ∞ QÆ=∞xOK«QÆÅ~°∞. [~¸Ñ¶π (|ÅÇ‘Ï#) ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ „áê=∂}˜Hõ"≥∞ÿ#q HÍ=Ù. "å˜x P^è•~°OQÍ Ñ¨iQÆ}Ö’xH˜ fã¨∞HÀ‰õÄ_»^Œ∞. –J|∞Ì„~°=ÓѶπ L=∞s
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  11. 11. 11W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O=O`≥# LO@∞Ok. JO^Œ~°∂ ^•xfl ^•@_»O [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok. ã¨fi~°æ"åã¨∞Å∞ ã¨fi~°æOÖ’„Ѩ"Õt™êÎ~°∞. #~°Hõ"åã¨∞Å∞ #~°HõOÖ’ „Ѩ"Õt™êÎ~°∞. ã¨fi~°æ "åã¨∞ʼnõΩ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ^Œ~°≈# ÉèÏQƺOHõÅ∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok. =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨) „Ѩ=HõÎ J#∞K«~° ã¨OѶ¨∂xH˜ K≥Ok# UHõ^≥·"å~å^茉õΩʼnõΩJÖÏ¡ÇπÏ J#∞[˝"Õ∞~°‰õΩ „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) ã≤á¶ê~°ã¨∞Åaèã¨∞ÎOk.6. *Ï`«HõO Ѩ@¡ qâßfiã¨O : JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (`«) ã¨$+≤ì`åÅ *Ï`«HÍÅ#∞ ‰õÄ_® „"åã≤ ÃјìLOKå_»∞. „ѨѨOK«OÖ’ ã¨OÉèíqOKÕ ã¨OѶ¨∞@#Å∞ Ѩiã≤÷`«∞Å#∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ã¨Ô~·# q^èŒOQÍÖ∫ÃÇÏ=∞ÇπÏѨÓ*òÖ’ „"åã≤ Ãјì LOKå_»∞. WѨÙÊ_»∞ [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞#fl^ŒO`å JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (`«)„"åã≤ LOz# q^èŒOQÍ<Õ [~°∞QÆ∞`«∂ LOk WO^Œ∞Ö’ ZO`« =∂„`«O =º`åºã¨O ÖË^Œ∞.~°∂ѨOÖ’ QÍx, Ѩi=∂}OÖ’ QÍx HÍÅO, „Ѩ^Õâ◊O, HÍ~°}O, Ѷ¨e`«O JxflO˜Ö’JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ *Ï˝#O qâßfi#flO`«˜h P=iOz LOk. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ x~°‚Ü«∞OÖ’ Z@∞=O˜á⁄~°áê@∞ ™ê^茺O HÍ^Œ∞. [iyOk [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞#flk, WHõ =ÚO^Œ∞ [iˆQk =∞Oz J~Ú<åK≥_»∞ J~Ú<å JO`å JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ *Ï˝<åxH˜ J#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ<Õ [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok. n<Õfl *Ï`«HõOÖË^• J^Œ$+¨ìO, ^Œ∞~°^Œ$+¨ìO Jx JOÏ~°∞.JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P^Õâ◊O :W<åfl ‰õΩÅ¡+¨Üü∞ W<£ YÅMò<åǨï aY^Œi<£"Õ∞=Ú „Ѩu =ã¨∞Î=Ù#∂ XHõ „Ѩ`ÕºHõ JOK«<å`À ã¨$+≤ìOKå=Ú (JÖò Y=∞~ü–49)=∞~À P^Õâ◊O :=YÅY ‰õΩÅ¡ +¨Üü∞W<£ Ѷ¨Y^ŒÌ~°Ç¨˙`«Mòn~åPÜ«∞# „Ѩu =ã¨∞Î=Ù#∞ ã¨$+≤ìOz, ^•x qkèh x~°‚~ÚOKå_»∞. (JÖò ѨÙ~üMÏ<£–2)=∞~À P^Õâ◊O :=∂ J™ê| q∞<£ =Úã‘|u<£ Ѷ≤ÖòJ~ül =ÖÏ Ñ¶‘J<£ Ѷ¨Ùã≤‰õΩ"£∞ WÖÏ¡ Ѷ‘H˜`åa"£∞ q∞<£ YÉòe J<£#Éò~°JǨ W#fl *ÏeHõ JÅÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï Ü«∞ã‘~üÉèí∂q∞ÃÑ·QÍh, ÖË^• g∞ ÃÑ· QÍh J=`«iOKÕ U PѨ^Œ J~Ú<å, ^•xx "Õ∞=ÚLxH˜ Ö’xH˜ fã¨∞‰õΩ=KÕÛ=ÚO^Œ∞ XHõ k=º „QÆO^èŒOÖ’ „"åã≤ ÃÑ@ì‰õΩO_® LO_»^Œ∞.xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ Wk JÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ ZO`À ã¨∞ÅÉèíO. (JÖòǨÏn^£–22)„Ѩ=HõÎ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨) J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ÇπÏ a<£ JÉσãπ#∞ L^ÕÌtOz WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞:-QÆ∞~°∞ÎOK«∞HÀ! „Ѩ[ÅO^Œ~°∂ Hõeã≤ x#∞fl ~°=fiO`« ÖÏÉèíO KÕ‰õÄ~åÛÅ#∞‰õΩ<åfl KÕ‰õÄ~°ÛÖË~°∞.HÍx h *Ï`«HõOÖ’ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ „"åã≤ ÃјìOk `«Ñ¨Ê. J^Õ q^èŒOQÍ „Ѩ[ÅO^Œ~°∂ Hõeã≤ h‰õΩ~°=fiO`« #+¨ìO HõeyOKåÅ#∞‰õΩ<åfl HõeyOK«ÖË~°∞. J~Ú`Õ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (`«) h *Ï`«HõOÖ’„"åã≤ ÃјìOk `«Ñ¨Ê HõÅ=ÚÅ∞ Z`«∞ÎHÀ|_®¤~Ú. iHÍ~°∞¤Å∞ „"åÜ«∞|_ç L<åfl~Ú.(u~üq∞l 4 – 67)JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ *Ï`«HõO Ѩ@¡ ã¨O`«$Ñ≤Î K≥O^Œ@O „Ѩu qâßfiã≤ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ qâßfi㨠ÉÏ^茺`«.ÖÏÉèí#ëêìÅxfl JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ `«~°Ñ¨Ù #∞O_Õ#x ÉèÏqOz rq`« Z`«∞ÎѨÖÏ¡Ö’¡ ã¨Ç¨Ï#O áê˜ã¨∂ÎxÅHõ_»QÍ LO@∂ JÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ q^èÕÜ«ÚÖˇ· rqOK«_»"Õ∞ Q˘Ñ¨Ê ™êѶ¨ÅºO.D P~°∞ q^èŒ∞Å#∞ ÉèíH˜Î „â◊^ŒúÅ`À ã‘fiHõiOKåe. rq`åO`«O g˜ Ѩ@¡ qâßfiã¨O,#=∞‡HõO HõeyLO_®e. g˜Ö’ U XHõ¯^•xfl u~°ã¨¯iOz<å W™ê¡"£∞ Ѩikè#∞O_ç`˘ÅyáÈ=@O [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok.21 22
  12. 12. 12W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#OJ`ÒÎÇ‘Ï^£`ÒÇ‘Ï^£ =¸_»∞ ~°HÍÅ∞ :1. `ÒÇ‘Ï^≥ LÖÏÇ≤ÏÜ«∞`ü 2. `ÒÇ‘Ï^≥ ~°∞|∂aÜ«∞`ü 3. `ÒÇ‘Ï^≥ J™ê‡=ã≤á¶ê`ü`ÒÇ‘Ï^£ : JO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ XˆH XHõ¯_»x qâ◊fiã≤OKåe. XHõ˜ HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯= L<åfl~°<ÕÉèÏ=##∞ u~°ã¨¯iOKåe.JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P^Õâ◊O :WÖÏ Ñ¨Å∞‰õΩ P JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ JkfifÜ«Ú_»∞ (JÖòWMÏ¡ãπ – 1)JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (`«) `«# LxH˜Ö’, QÆ∞}QÆ}ÏÅÖ’ XˆH XHõ¯_»∞.1. `ÒÇ‘Ï^≥ LÅ∂Ç≤ÏÜ«∞`ü (^≥·=`«fiO) : JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ XHõ¯_Õ Jx qâ◊fiã≤OKåe ˆH=ÅOJÖÏ¡ÇπÏ<Õ P~åkèOKåe. P~å^èŒ#‰õΩ, ã¨Ç¨ Ü«∞O Ji÷OK«_®xH˜ PÜ«∞# XHõ¯_Õ J~°∞›_»∞.PÜ«∞# `«Ñ¨Ê W`«~°∞Öˇ=fi~°∂ P~å^èŒ#‰õΩ J~°∞›Å∞ HÍ~°∞. "å~°∞ „Ѩ=HõÎÅ~Ú<å,^≥·=^Œ∂`«Öˇ·<å, l#∞flÖˇ·<å, ^≥·= Éèí‰õΩÎÖˇ·<å 㨈~.2. `ÒÇ‘Ï^≥ ~°∞|∂aÜ«∞`ü : JO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =∂„`«"Õ∞ UÔH·Hõ „ѨÉèí∞=Ù. PÜ«∞#XHõ¯_Õ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ XO@iQÍ ã¨=∞ã¨ÎO x~°fiÇ≤Ïã¨∞Î<åfl_»∞. JO>Ë ã¨$+≤ìOK«_»O, LáêkèHõeÊOK«_»O, r=#‡~°}ÏÅ#∞ „Ѩ™êkOK«_»O Jhfl PÜ«∞# KÕ`«∞Ö’¡<Õ L<åfl~Ú. qâßfixH˜„ѨÉèí∞=Ù PÜ«∞# XHõ¯_Õ. PÜ«∞<Õ Ü«∞[=∂x. PÜ«∞<Õ JO^ŒiÃÑ· PkѨ`«ºO HõÅ"å_»∞.3. `ÒÇ‘Ï^≥ J™ê‡=ã≤á¶ê`ü : JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (`«) `«# „QÆO^èŒ=ÚÖ’ ¿Ñ~˘¯#fl `«# ¿Ñ~°∞¡,QÆ∞}QÆ}ÏÅ∞ PÜ«∞#ˆH K≥O^Œ∞`å~Ú. W`«~° ã¨$+≤ì`åʼnõΩ "å˜Ö’ Z@∞=O˜ ™ê÷#OÖË^Œ∞. Y∞~üP<£, ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ ã¨∂zOz# D QÆ∞}QÆ}ÏÅ#∞ "å˜ ™ê÷~ÚHõ<åfl `«yæOK«_»OQÍh, "å˜Ö’ =∂~°∞ÊÅ∞ KÕÜ«∞_»O QÍh, "å˜x J~°÷~°Ç≤Ï`«OQÍ =∂~°Û_»O, =i‚OK«_»O,LѨ=∂<åÅ∞ W=fi_»O "≥Ú^ŒÖˇ·#=xfl x+≤^ŒúO Ü«∞^è•`«^äŒOQÍ qâ◊fiã≤OKåe.+≤~ü¯ : +≤~ü¯ `ÒÇ‘Ï^£H˜ q~°∞^ŒúO +≤~ü¯ JO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ LxH˜Ö’ ÖË^• U XHõ¯QÆ∞}OÖ’ U =∂„`«O JÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ ™ê˜ HõeÊOK«_»O. +≤~ü¯ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =^ŒÌ Jxfl˜HõO>Ë=∞Ǩ áêѨO.+≤~ü¯ =¸_»∞ ~°HÍÅ∞ :- 1. +≤~ü¯ JHõƒ~ü 2. +≤~ü¯ Jã¨æ~ü 3. +≤~ü¯ YѶ‘1. +≤~ü¯ JHõƒ~ü :- JO>Ë W`«~°∞efl JÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ ™ê˜ HõeÊOK«∞@ +≤~ü¯ JHõƒ~ü‰õΩáêÅÊ_ç# "å_ç ã¨fi~°O x¿+kèOK«|_çOk. WOHÍ "å_»∞ âßâ◊fi`«OQÍ #~°HõOÖ’ LOÏ_»∞.L^•: XHõ =ºH˜Î JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ =ke W`«~°∞efl ã¨*ÏÌKÕÜ«Ú@. W`«~°∞efl ã¨O`å#OWKÕÛ"å~°∞QÍ ÉèÏqOK«∞@. W`«~°∞efl PǨ ~°O „Ѩ™êkOKÕ"å_»∞QÍ ÉèÏqOK«∞@ "≥Ú^ŒÖˇ·#q."å~°∞ „Ѩ=HõÎÖˇ·<å Éèí‰õΩÎÖˇ·<å J=∞~°∞Öˇ·<å, q„QÆǨ Öˇ·<å HÍ=K«∞Û.+≤~ü¯ Jã¨æ~ü :- JO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ =^Œe W`«~°∞Å „Ñ‘u H˘~°‰õΩ ÖË^• ÉèíÜ«∞O =Å¡ã¨`å¯~åºÅ∞ KÕÜ«Ú@ +≤~ü¯ Jã¨æ~ü x +≤~ü¯ YѶ‘ Jx ‰õÄ_® JOÏ~°∞.J|∂ã¨~¸^£ Y∞„n (~°) LÖË¡Y# „ѨHÍ~°O : XHõ™êi „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) qKÕÛã≤ =∞ã‘Ǩï^ŒÌ*Ï˚Öò Hõ<åfl ÉèíÜ«∞OHõ~°"≥∞ÿ# q+¨Ü«∞O `≥Å∞Ѩ<å? Jx J<åfl~°∞ ^•xH˜ "Õ∞=Ú`«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_® Jx q#flqOK«∞‰õΩ<åfl=Ú. JѨÙÊ_»∞ „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) +≤~ü¯ YѶ‘ JO>Ë XHõ =ºH˜ÎK«∂ã≤#"å~°∞ ##∞fl "≥∞K«∞ÛHÀ"åÅx JÅOHõiã¨∂Î Z#flÅ`À #=∂A KÕ™êÎ_»∞.(Wɡfl=∂[ – 4204)+≤~ü¯ YѶ‘ :- +≤~ü¯ YѶ‘x +≤~ü¯ Jã¨æ~ü Jx ‰õÄ_® JOÏ~°∞. JѨ #=∞‡HõO =Å¡TÇ≤ÏOK«x q^èŒOQÍ Wk [iyáÈ`«∞Ok. L^• : `«e¡^ŒO„_»∞ÅÃÑ· „Ѩ=∂}O KÕÜ«Ú@"≥Ú^ŒÖˇ·#q. „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) WÖÏ LѨ^ÕtOKå~°∞. +≤Ô~¯ YѶ‘ #∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°OQÍ LO_»O_çZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë Wk p=∞HõO>Ë "≥∞Å¡QÍ „áê‰õΩ`«∞Ok. JѨÙÊ_»∞ =∞iO`« "≥∞Å¡QÍ „áêH˜`Õ^•#∞flO_ç ZÖÏ `«Ñ≤ÊOK«∞HÀQÆÅO Jx „ѨtflOK«_»O [iyOk. JѨÙÊ_»∞ „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) WÖÏ„áêi÷OK«=∞x LѨ^ÕtOKå~°∞. F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ "Õ∞=Ú `≥eã≤KÕ¿ã, `≥eÜ«∞Hõ KÕ¿ã WOHÍ"Õ∞=Ú Ñ¨ã≤QÆ@ìÖËx +≤~ü¯Å#∞O_ç h â◊~°}∞ HÀ~°∞`«∞<åfl=Ú. (=Úã¨fl^£ JǨ ‡^£, `«Éò~åh)+≤~ü¯ KÕ¿ã "å_»∞ +≤~ü¯ Ѩ@¡ ѨâßÛ`åÎѨO K≥O^Œ‰õΩO_® =∞~°}˜¿ãÎ J`«_»∞ âßâ◊fi`«OQÍ#~°HõOÖ’ LOÏ_»∞. J`«_ç ã¨`å¯~åºÅxfl =º~°÷O J=Ù`å~Ú. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (`«) ™ê˜HõeÊOKÕ"åiH˜ ã¨fi~åæxfl x¿+kèOKå_»∞.JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P^Õâ◊O :-W#flǨ˙ =ÚÜ«Úº+πiH± aÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï Ñ¶¨Y^£ Ǩï„~°=∞ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤ÏÖò [#fl`« = =∂"åǨï<åfl~üJÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ ÉèÏQÆ™êfi=ÚÅ∞QÍ xÅɡ>Ëì"åiH˜ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ã¨fi~åæxfl x¿+kèOKå_»∞ "åix"åã¨O #~°HõO . (JÖò=∂~Ú^ŒÇπÏ – 72)=∞~À P^Õâ◊O:W#flÖÏ¡Ç¨Ï ÖÏ Ü«∞Q∑ Ѷ≤~°∞ JÜ«Úº+π~°Hõ aÇ‘Ï =Ü«∞Q∑Ѷ≤~°∞ =∂ ^Œ∂#*ÏeHõ e=∞Ü«∞ºëêLxã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™ê˜ HõeÊOK«Ïxfl Hõ∆q∞OK«_»∞. Jq `«Ñ¨Ê U áêáêxflJ~Ú<å `å#∞ W+¨ìѨ_ç# "åiH˜ Hõ∆q∞™êÎ_»∞. (Jxfl™ê – 48)23 24
  13. 13. 13W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O=Úã≤¡=ÚÅ#=∞‡HÍÅ∞JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ XHõ¯_»∞ XO@i"å_»∞ JHõ¯~°ÖËx "å_»∞. PÜ«∞#‰õΩ Z=~°∂ ™ê˜ÖË~°∞.PÜ«∞# =O˜ "å~°∞ Z=fi~°∂ ÖË~°∞. PÜ«∞#‰õΩ =∞O„`«∞Å∞ ÖË~°∞, ã¨ÅǨ ^•~°∞Å∞ ÖË~°∞,PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ÉèÏ~°ºÅ∞ ÖË~°∞ ã¨O`å#O ÖË^Œ∞. PÜ«∞# ã¨~°fi*Ï˝x [iy#k, [~°∞QÆÉ’ÜÕ∞n,WOHÍ [~°∞QÆ#∞#flk WOHÍ [~°QÆxk XHõ"Õà◊ [iy`Õ ZÖÏ [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok Jhfl`≥eã≤#"å_»∞. PÜ«∞# ã¨~°fiâ◊‰õΩÎÅ∂ QÆÅ"å_»∞. PÜ«∞##∞ Z=fi~°∂ xã¨ûǨ Ü«∞`«‰õΩQÆ∞iKÕÜ«∞ÖË~°∞. PÜ«∞# `å#∞ HÀiOk KÕ™êÎ_»∞.JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ QÆ∞}ÏÅ#∞, PÜ«∞# â◊√Éèí<å=∞=ÚÅ#∞ ã¨`«º"≥∞ÿ#qQÍ ÉèÏqOKåe.ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë Jq JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ „QÆO^èŒO, „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Å ^•fi~å x~°∂Ñ≤`«"≥∞ÿ L<åfl~Ú.L^• :- *Ï˝#O, q#∞@, K«∂K«∞@, â◊H˜Î, ã¨OHõÅÊO, =∂Ï¡_»∞@, ã≤OǨ ã¨<åxflJÅOHõiOK«∞@ "≥Ú^ŒÖˇ·#q, WOHÍ PÜ«∞# „Ѩu ~å„u „áêѨOzHõ PHÍâ◊OÃÑ· J=`«i™êÎ_»∞.qâßfiã¨∞Å∞ f~°∞Êk#O <å_»∞ `«=∞ „ѨÉèí∞=Ù#∞ `«=∞ Hõà◊¡`À K«∂™êÎ~°∞. WOHÍ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ(`«) QÆ∞}ÏÅx#O˜x ¿Ñ~˘¯#fl q^èŒOQÍ<Õ qâ◊fiã≤OKåe, J^Õ q^èŒOQÍ "å˜Ö’ =∂~°∞ÊÅ∞,KÕ~°∞ÊʼnõΩ "å˜x J~°÷~°Ç≤Ï`«O KÕÜ«∞ÏxH˜ QÍh, =i‚OK«_®xH˜ QÍh, LѨ=∂<åÅ∞W=fiÏxH˜ QÍh W`«~°∞Å`À á⁄ÅÛ_®xH˜ QÍx „Ѩܫ∞uflOK«~å^Œ∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ<Õ P~åkèOKåeW`«~°∞ÖË=fiih PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ™ê˜HõeÊOK«~å^Œ∞. PÜ«∞# `«Ñ¨Ê W`«~°∞Öˇ=fiihPѨ^•ƒùO^Œ=ÙÅ∞QÍ ÉèÏqOK«~å^Œ∞. W`«~°∞Öˇ=fisH˜ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕÜ«∞~å^Œ∞ W`«~°∞ʼnõΩ "≥Ú‰õΩ¯|_»∞Å∞ K≥e¡OK«~å^Œ∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ XHõ¯_Õ Q˘Ñ¨Ê ^èŒ#=O`«∞_»∞. q∞QÆ`å "å~°O^Œ~°∂ PÜ«∞#JHõ¯~°QÆÅ"åˆ~. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ „Ѩ=HõÎÅO^Œ~°∂ ã¨`«º=O`«∞Å∞. „Ѩ=HõÎ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨)„Ѩ=HõÎÅO^ŒiÖ’ ÔHÖÏ¡ Q˘Ñ¨Ê"å~°∞, z=i"å~°∞. PÜ«∞# ^•fi~å ^≥·=^Ò`«ºO JO`«=∞~ÚºOk.f~°∞Ê k#O <å_»∞ UHõ^≥·=~å^茉õΩÅ∞, PÜ«∞# ã≤á¶ê~°ã¨∞ á⁄O^Œ∞`å~°∞ „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) ‰õΩǨÏ"£∞^£ [O_® W=fi|_»∞`«∞Ok. PÜ«∞# ǨÏ∫*ˇH“ã¨~ü #∞O_ç UHõ^≥·"å~å^茉õΩʼnõΩ„`åÑ≤OK«|_»∞#∞.„Ѩà◊Ü«∞O "åã¨Î=O, =∞~°}Ï#O`«~°O „Ѩ[ÅO^Œ~°∂ ÖËѨ|_»`å~°∞. `«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_®qKåiOK«_»O [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok. <åºÜ«∞"≥∞ÿ# ^èŒ~°‡"≥∞ÿ# `«∂xHõ, ѨÙÖòã≤~å`ü =O`≥#, ã¨fi~°æ#~°HÍÅ∞ ã¨`«º"≥∞ÿ#q g˜x qâ◊fiã≤OK«_»O `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i qkè.*Ï`«HõOÖ’x =∞Oz K≥_»∞Å∞ "åã¨Î="≥∞ÿ#q. U =ã¨∞Î=Ó JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ *Ï`«HÍxfl ^•˜áÈ*ÏÅ^Œ∞, ÖË^• PÜ«∞# J#∞=∞uÖˉõΩO_® [x‡OK«*ÏÅ^Œ∞ „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) Ü≥ÚHõ¯ J#∞K«~°ã¨OѶ¨∞OÖ’x JO^ŒiHõO>Ë L#fl`«∞Å∞ J|∂|Hõ~ü ã≤nÌMò (~°), PÜ«∞# `«~°∞"å`« L=∞~ü25
  14. 14. 14W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#Oá¶ê~°∂Mò (~°), PÜ«∞# `«~åfi`« Lãπ=∂<£ A#∂flÔ~·<£ (~°) PÜ«∞# `«~åfi`« Jb =Ú~ü`«*Ï(~°) P `«~°∞"å`« J+¨~° =Ú|+¨¬~°ÇπÏ, P `«~°∞"å`« |^£~ü "å~°∞, P `«~°∞"å`« ɡ·J`≥i*Ïfi<£"å~°∞, P `«~°∞"å`« „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) J#∞K«~°∞Å∞. „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) J#∞K«~°∞ÅO^Œ~°∂ <åºÜ«∞jÅ∞~°∞.„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) ÉèÏ~°ºÅO^Œ~°∂ Ѩf„=`«Å∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Éèí‰õΩÎÅ =∞Ç≤Ï=∞Å∞ ã¨`«º"≥∞ÿ#q. HÍxP=~°∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P~å^èŒ#Ö’¡ ^ÕxH© J~°∞›Å∞ HÍ~°∞. JO>Ë "åL~° JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ JHõ¯~°QÆÅ"å~°∞,"å~°∞ ÖÏÉèíO KÕ‰õÄ~°Û ÖË~°∞, #+¨ìO HõeOyOK«#∂ ÖË~°∞.W=∂"£∞ J|∂ǨÏhѶ¨, W=∂"£∞=∂eH±, W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸, W=∂"£∞ JÇπÏ=∞^£a<£ ǨÏO|Öò "≥Ú^ŒÖˇ·# "å~°O^Œ~°∂ ~°∞A=∂~°æO ÃÑ·<Õ LO_Õ"å~°∞ gi Jaè„áêÜ«∂ÅhflY∞~üP<£, ǨÏnã¨∞ŠѨikèÖ’<Õ LO_Õq. giH˜ J#∞ã¨iOK«_»O =Úã≤¡=ÚʼnõΩ `«Ñ¨Êxã¨iHÍ^Œ∞. <åÅ∞QÆ∞ q^è•<åÖ’¡ ^Õ<Àfl XHõ ^•xfl J#∞ã¨iOK«_»O U =Úã≤¡"£∞H© `«Ñ¨Êxã¨iHÍ^Œ∞.„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) P^Õâ◊O :<Õ#∞ g∞ =∞^茺 Ô~O_»∞ q+¨Ü«∂Å#∞ LOKå#∞ g∞~°∞ Pˆ~O˜h ^Œ$_è»OQÍѨ@∞ìH˘x L#flO`« =~°‰õΩ g∞~°∞ ZO`« =∂„`«O =∂~°æ „Éèí+¨µìÅ∞ HÍÖË~°∞. Jq ^≥·=„QÆO^èŒO, <å ™êO„Ѩ^•Ü«∞O. (Ǩ H˜"£∞)DǨÏnã¨∞ =Úã≤¡=ÚÅO^ŒiH© W™ê¡g∞Ü«∞ K«@ìO ÖÏO˜k.JÖò=ã‘ÅÇπÏ=ã‘ÅÇπÏ JO>Ë ÅH∆ͺxfl á⁄O^Œ∞@, L`åûǨÏOQÍ ^•x H˘~°‰õΩ „Ѩܫ∞uflOK«∞@,^è•i‡Hõ J~°÷O Uq∞@O>Ë ã¨`å¯~åºÅ ^•fi~å JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™êxflÇ≤Ï`åºxfl á⁄O^Œ∞@ ^≥·=ã¨xflkèH˜KÕ~°∞H˘#∞@.JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P^Õâ◊O.Ü«∂ JܫںǨÏÅ¡r# P=∞#∞`«ÎY∞ÖÏ¡Ç¨Ï =Éò`«QÆ∂ WÖˇ·Ç≤ÏÖò =ã‘Å`«*ÏÇ≤Ï^Œ∂ Ѷ‘ã¨ceÇ‘Ï Å JÅ¡‰õΩ"£∞ `«∞ѶπeǨ˙<£F qâßfiã¨∞ÖÏ~å ! JÖÏ¡ÇπψH ÉèíÜ«∞Ѩ_»O_ç. PÜ«∞# ã¨xflkèH˜ KÕˆ~ =∂~åæxflJ<Õfi+≤OK«O_ç. =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# =∂~°æOÖ’ x~°O`«~°O Hõ$+≤ KÕÜ«∞O_ç ^•x =Å¡ g∞‰õΩ™êѶ¨Åº ÉèÏQƺO Åaèã¨∞ÎOk. (JÖò=∂~Ú^ŒÇπÏ – 35)D "åHͺxfl QÆ∞iOz "åºMϺxã¨∂Î „Ѩ=ÚY "åºMϺ#Hõ~°Î Ǩ Ѷ≤W*ò Wɡfl [s~üJÖò=ã‘ÅÇπÏ—— QÆ∞iOz WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞.JÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ „Ñ‘uHõ~°"≥∞ÿ# ã¨`å¯~åºÅ∞ KÕã≤ PÜ«∞# ™êxflÇ≤Ï`åºxfl á⁄O^ŒO_ç.(`«Ñ¶πã‘~ü Wɡfl [s~ü 226/6)"åºMϺ# Hõ~°ÎÅO^Œi UHÍaè„áêÜ«∞O „ѨHÍ~°O =ã‘ÅÇπÏ JO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ q^èÕÜ«∞`«PÜ«∞#‰õΩ „Ñ‘`«Hõ~°"≥∞ÿ# ã¨`å¯~åºÅ ^•fi~å JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™êxflÇ≤Ï`åºxfl á⁄O^ŒO_ç.L^•:-1. UHõ`«fiO, ^≥·=^Ò`«ºO Ѩ@¡ ™êHõ∆O ѨÅ∞‰õΩ@ ã¨fi~åæxH˜ KÕˆ~ XHõ =∂~°æO.2. áêѨO `«~°∞"å`« ѨÙ}ºO KÕÜ«∞@O áêѨ „ѨH∆Íà◊#‰õΩ XHõ =∂~°æO3. J*Ï<£ =K«<åʼnõΩ ã¨=∂^è•#O ѨeH˜ P `«~°∞"å`« „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) xˆ~ÌtOz#^Œ∞P ѨiîOK«_»O „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) ã≤á¶ê~°ã¨∞á⁄O^Õ XHõ =∂~°æO.4. |O^èŒ∞=ÙÅ#∞ P^ŒiOK«∞@ n~å…Ü«Ú+¨µ¬. ѨÙ+¨¯Å"≥∞ÿ# PǨ ~åxfl á⁄O^Õ XHõ=∂~°æO . (=Ú`«∞ÎѶ¨‰õΩ<£ JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï)=ã‘ÅÇπÏ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍÅ∞ :- 1. ^èŒ~°‡ ã¨=∞‡`«"≥∞ÿ# =ã‘ÅÇπÏ 2. x+≤^Œú"≥∞ÿ# =ã‘ÅÇπÏ^èŒ~°‡ã¨=∞‡`«"≥∞ÿ# =ã‘ÅÇπÏ:- ã¨`å¯~åºÅ ^•fi~å JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™êxflÇ≤Ï`åºxfl á⁄O^Œ∞@.x+≤^Œú=ã‘ÅÇπÏ :- ^èŒ~°‡ x+≤^Œú HÍ~åºÅ ^•fi~å JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™êxflÇ≤Ï`åºxfl á⁄O^Œ∞@.26 27
  15. 15. 15W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O^èŒ~°‡ã¨=∞‡`«"≥∞ÿ#=ã‘ÅÇπÏ=¸_»∞~°HÍÅ∞1. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Ñ¨q„`« <å=∞=ÚÅ ^•fi~å =ã‘ÅÇπÏ :-Ѩq„`« <å=∞=ÚÅhfl JÖÏÇπÏ H˘~°ˆH, PÜ«∞##∞ Ѩq„`« <å=∞=ÚÅ `À<Õ„áêi÷OK«O_ç. (JÖò P~åÑ¶π – 180)JO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ PÜ«∞##∞ Ѩq„`« <å=∞=ÚÅ ^•fi~å „áêi÷OK«O_ç. WÖÏ„áêi÷OKåe:-F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ <Õ#∞ x#∞fl P~åiúã¨∞Î<åfl#∞. xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ h=Ù J#O`«Hõ~°∞}Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»=Ù Jáê~°Hõ$áê=∞Ü«Ú_»=Ù ™êHõ∆º „QÍÇ≤Ïx, ã¨~°fiO Ziy#"å_»=Ù. <å‰õΩ ˆH∆=∂xfl„Ѩ™êkOK«∞.(JÖσx QÍi J`«Î=ã¨∞Öò ã¨OѨÙ@ –1, ¿Ñl 29)2. ã¨`å¯~åºÅ ^•fi~å =ã‘ÅÇπÏ :- JO>Ë ^•ã¨∞_»∞ `«# ã¨`å¯~åºÅ#∞ ¿Ñ~˘¯O@∂JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ã¨xflkèÖ’ `«# „áê~°÷##∞ ã‘fiHõiOK«=∞x Ji÷OK«∞@, L^• :- |h W„™ê~ÚÖòH˜K≥Ok# =ÚQÆ∞æ~°∞ ѨÙ}Ϻ`«∞‡Å∞ XHõ QÆ∞Ǩ Ö’ z‰õΩ¯‰õΩ#flѨÙÊ_»∞ `«=∞ `«=∞ ã¨`å¯~åºÅ#∞¿Ñ~˘¯x JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ „áêi÷OKå~°∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ "åi „áê~°÷#Å#∞ JѨʘHõѨÙÊ_Õ ã‘fiHõiOKå_»∞.3. qâßfiã≤ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ „áê~°÷# ^•fi~å =ã‘ÅÇπÏ :- JO>Ë XHõ =ºH˜Î `«# J=ã¨~°Of~°ÏxH˜ ^≥·= Éèí‰õΩÎÅ#∞ `«# QÆ∞iOz „áêi÷OK«=∞x q#flqOK«∞H˘#∞@. L^• :-Hõ~°∞=ÙHÍ@HÍÖ’¡ =~°¬O H˘~°‰õΩ ^Œ∞P KÕÜ«∞=∞x HÀ~°∞@, „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) J#∞K«~°∞Å∞ PÜ«∞#HÍÅOÖ’ PÜ«∞#∞#fl ^Œ∞P KÕÜ«∞=∞x HÀˆ~"å~°∞. PÜ«∞# =∞~°}Ï#O`«~°O JÉσãπ (~°)^•fi~å ^Œ∞P KÕ~ÚOKÕ"å~°∞. (Wk „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞)=ã‘ÅÇπωõΩ K≥Ok# D =¸_»∞ =∂~åæÅ∞ `«Ñ¨Ê W`«~° =∂~åæÅxfl x+≤^Œú"≥∞ÿ#qJ^èŒ~°‡"≥∞ÿ#q.x+≤^Œú=ã‘ÅÇπÏ :- 1. x+≤^Œú =ã‘ÅÇπÏÖ’ "≥Ú^Œ˜ ~°HõO Uq∞@O>Ë =∞Ǩ ѨÙ~°∞+¨µefl^≥·=™êxfl^蕺xfl á⁄O^ÕO^Œ∞‰õΩ. „áê~°÷#Å∞ Ѷ¨eOKÕO^Œ∞‰õΩ HÍ~°‰õΩÅ∞QÍ ÉèÏqOK«_»OW@∞=O˜ =ã‘ÅÇπÏ x+≤^ŒúO, =∞Ǩ áêѨO. =∞Hͯ Jqâßfiã¨∞Å∞ WÖÏ KÕ¿ã "å~°∞ "åiQÆ∞iOz JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (`«) WÖÏ P^ÕtOKå_»∞:-JÖÏ eÖÏ¡Ç≤ÏnÌ#∞Öò MÏeã¨∞ =Å¡r#`«ÎYE q∞<£^Œ∂xÇ‘Ï J"£eÜ«∂J=∂<å|∞^Œ∞Ǩï"£∞ WÖÏ¡ eÜ«∞Y„i|∂<å WÅÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï AÖòá¶ê, W#flÖϡǨÏÜ«∞ÇπωõΩ=Ú Éˇ·#Ǩï"£∞ Ѷ‘=∂Ǩï"£∞ Ѷ‘Ç≤Ï Ü«∞Mò`«iѶ¨Ó<£ W#flÖϡǨÏÖÏÜ«∞ÇπÏn =∞<£Ç¨ï= HÍl|∞<£ Hõá¶êÊù~üQÆ∞~°∞ÎOK«∞HÀ ! ã¨`«º^èŒ~°‡O ˆH=ÅO JÖÏ¡ÇπψH K≥O^Œ∞`«∞Ok. PÜ«∞#∞fl =^ŒeW`«~°∞Å#∞ ã¨O~°Hõ∆‰õΩÅ∞QÍ KÕã¨∞‰õΩ#fl"å~°∞ "å~°∞ =∞=∞‡efl JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =^ŒÌ‰õΩ KÕ~°∞Û`å~°x=∂„`«"Õ∞ "Õ∞=Ú "åix P~åkèã¨∞Î<åfl=Ú—— Jx JOÏ~°∞. xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ "åiѨ~°ã¨Ê~°qÉèË^•Å‰õΩ QÆ∞iKÕã≤# q+¨Ü«∂Å#∞ QÆ∞iOz f~°∞Ê W™êÎ_»∞. Jã¨`«º"åk,ã¨`«ºkèHͯi J~Ú# „Ѩu =ºH˜ÎH© JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ~°∞A=∂~°æO K«∂Ѩ_»∞. (JA˚=∞~ü – 3)D "åHõºOÖ’ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (`«) ã¨$+≤ì`åÅ ^•fi~å ^≥·=™êxfl^蕺xfl á⁄O^Õ „Ѩܫ∞`«flOKÕ¿ã "åix q=∞~°≈WOKå_»∞, "åix Jã¨`«º"å^Œ∞Å∞QÍ, ã¨`«º kèHͯ~°∞Å∞QÍ Ñ¨iQÆ}˜OKå_»∞.2. x+≤^Œú =ã‘ÅÇπÏ Ö’x Ô~O_»= ~°HõO Uq∞@O>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =^ŒÌ W`«~°∞ʼnõΩ L#flQ˘Ñ¨Ê ™ê÷<åÅ ^•fi~å JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™êxflÇ≤Ï`åºxfl á⁄O^Õ „Ѩܫ∞`«flO KÕÜ«∞_»O, W@∞=O˜=ã‘ÅÇπÏ x+≤^Œú"≥∞ÿ#k. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ÃÑ· Z=i PkèѨ`«ºO ÖË^Œ∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =^ŒÌQ“~°=O ˆH=ÅO qâßfiã¨O, ã¨`å¯~åºÅ =ÖË¡ Åaèã¨∞ÎOk. "å˜ Ñ¶¨e`åÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® J`«_çˆHÅaè™êÎ~Ú. W`«∞~°∞ʼnõΩ Ug∞ ÅaèOK«=Ù JÖÏO@ѨÙÊ_»∞ W`«~°∞Å Q˘Ñ¨Ê`«<åÅ#∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏÃÑ· ~°∞^Œ∞Ì@ ZO`«=∂„`«O ã¨=∞O[ã¨O HÍ^Œ∞.3. x+≤^Œú =ã‘ÅÇπÏÖ’x =¸_»=~°HõO Uq∞@O>Ë Ñ¨Ù}Ϻ`«∞‡Å ¿Ñ~° „Ѩ=∂}OKÕã≤ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™êxflÇ≤Ï`åºxfl HÀ~°@O.L^•:- F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ <Õ#∞ h Ѷ¨ÖÏ<å „Ñ≤Ü«∞Éèí‰õΩÎx ÃÑ· „Ѩ=∂}O KÕã≤ K≥ѨÙÎ<åfl#∞h=Ù <å Ji÷OѨÙ#∞ <≥~°"Õ~°∞Û. W@∞=O˜ =ã‘ÅÇπÏ ‰õÄ_® x+≤^Œú"Õ∞, ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞=ke W`«~°∞ÅÃÑ· „Ѩ=∂}O KÕÜ«∞@O ‰õÄ_® x+≤^ŒúO. „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) W`«∞~°ÅÃÑ· „Ѩ=∂}OKÕã≤# "å~°∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ ™ê˜ HõeÊOz#>Ëì Jx ÃÇÏK«ÛiOKå~°∞. (u~üq∞l ,ã¨Ç≤ÏÇπÏ 1535)28 29
  16. 16. 16W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#OW™ê¡"£∞q^èŒ∞Å∞qkè JO>Ë =¸Å ã¨ÎOÉèíO ^•xÃÑ·<Õ Éèí=#O xÅ|_»∞`«∞Ok. W™ê¡"£∞Ö’ S^Œ∞q^èŒ∞Å∞ L<åfl~Ú.1. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ `«Ñ¨Ê W`«~° P~å^èŒ∞ºÖˇ=fi~°∂ ÖË~°x, =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨) JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ „Ѩ=HõÎJx ™êHõ∆ºO ѨÅ∞‰õΩ@ qâ◊fiã≤OK«@O.2. #=∂A ™ê÷Ñ≤OK«∞@.3. [HÍ`ü K≥e¡OK«∞@4. ~°=∞*Ï<£ LѨ"å™êÅ∞ áê˜OKåe5. â◊H˜ÎQÆÅ "å~°∞ ǨÏ*ò KÕÜ«∞_®xH˜ ɡ·`«∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ "≥àÏ¡e (|∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡"£∞)UHõ`«fiO, ^≥·=^Ò`«ºO QÆ∞iOz W™ê¡"£∞ q^èŒ∞Ö’¡ =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ<Õ ¿Ñ~˘¯#_»O[iyOk. g˜x ÉÏQÍ QÆ∞~°∞ÎOK«∞HÀ"åe. W`«~° q^èŒ∞Å#∞ QÆ∞iOz „Hõ=∞OQÍ ¿Ñ~˘¯#_»O[~°∞QÆ∞ `«∞Ok.Ѩiâ◊√„Éèí`«Ñ¨iâ◊√„Éèí`«, W™ê¡"£∞Ö’x Q˘Ñ¨Ê J#∞„QÆǨ O XHõ qâßfiã≤H˜ qâßfiã¨O`À áê@∞Åaèã¨∞ÎOk.JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P^Õâ◊O :-W#flÖÏ¡Ç¨Ï Ü«ÚÇ≤Ï|∞ƒ`«Î"åfic# =Ü«ÚÇ≤Ï|∞ƒÖò =Ú`«`«Ç≤Ï›s<£xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Ñ¨âßÛ`åÎѨO K≥O^Õ"åix, Ѩiâ◊√^Œú`«#∞ áê˜OKÕ"åix„¿Ñq∞™êÎ_»∞. (JÖò|Y~°ÇπÏ – 222)„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) LѨ^Õâ◊O :-J`ü `«Ç¨˙~°∞ xã¨∞ÊùÖò D=∂<£Ñ¨iâ◊√„Éèí`« D=∂<£Ö’x ã¨QÆÉèÏQÆO. (ui‡l 3519 [~¸Ñ¶π)J`«ÎǨï~°∞ +¨„`«∞Öò D=∂<£.(=Úã≤¡O) Ѩiâ◊√„Éèí`« qâßfiã¨OÖ’(D=∂<£)JO`«~åƒùQÆO.1. h˜ Ѩiâ◊√„Éèí`« :- =~°¬Ñ¨Ù h~°∞, =∞OK«∞, =_»QÆà◊√¡ ^•fi~å ÅaèOKÕ hà◊¡xfl Ѩiâ◊√„Éèí"≥∞ÿ#q.JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P^Õâ◊O:=J<£[Öò<å q∞#ã¨û=∂~Ú =∂ J<£ `«Ç¨˙~å30
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  20. 20. 20W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) LѨ^Õâ◊O :–=ÙE KÕÜ«∞#O`« =~°‰õΩ g∞Ö’ Z=i #=∂A#∂ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (`«) ã‘fiHõiOK«_»∞.(|∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡"£∞)=ÙAÖ’x ™êO„Ѩ^•Ü«∞ q+¨Ü«∂Å∞:– 1. =ÙA‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ ã¨OHõeÊOK«∞HÀ"åe. 2.q∞âßfiH± KÕÜ«∂e. 3. QÆ_®¤xfl h˜`À `«_»áêe. 4. „"Õà◊¡ =∞^茺 h˜`À `«_»áêe. 5. =ÙAÖ’x ÉèÏQÍÅ#∞ =¸_»∞ ™ê~°∞¡ Hõ_»QÍe. 6. ‰õΩ_ç"≥·Ñ¨Ù #∞O_ç „áê~°OaèOKåe. 7. „Hõ=∞O`«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_® =ÙE KÕÜ«∂e. 8. J=ã¨~åxH˜ q∞Oz h˜x qxÜ≥∂yOK«~å^Œ∞. 9. =ÙA`«~åfi`« ^Œ∂ ѨiîOKåe. 10. =ÙA `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ #Ѷ≤Öò K«^Œ"åe(|∞MÏs, J|∂ ^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl =∂[,u~üq∞l,#™ê~Ú)=ÙAÖ’x q^èŒ∞Å∞ :– 1. ã¨OHõÅÊO KÕÜ«Ú@ 2. =ÚYO Hõ_»QÍe 3. ѨÙHõ¯eOKåe,h˜`À =Ú‰õΩ¯ â◊√„ÉèíO KÕÜ«∂e. 4. KÕ`«∞Å#∞ "≥ÚKÕ`«∞Å =~°‰õΩ â◊√„ÉèíѨ~°K«∞HÀ"åe.5. `«Å, K≥=ÙÅ =∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕÜ«∂e. 6. HÍà◊§#∞ „Hõ=∞OQÍ (‰õΩ_çHÍÅ∞, Z_»=∞ HÍÅ∞) pÅ=∞O_»Å =~°‰õΩ Hõ_»QÍe. (L|MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£, ^•~°∞Y`«∞x)=ÙE#∞ ÉèíOQÆ Ñ¨iKÕ q+¨Ü«∂Å∞ :– <åÅ∞QÆ∞ q+¨Ü«∂Å =Å¡ =ÙE ÉèíOQÆ=Ú=Ù `«∞Ok.1. =∞Å =¸„`« ^•fi~åÅ ^•fi~å U^≥·# "≥Å∞=_»@O =Å¡.2. =∞u ã≤÷q∞`«O ÖˉõΩO_»∞@, x„^Œ^•fi~å ÖËHõ =¸~°Ûù=Å¡ =∞ˆ~ HÍ~°}O =Å¡ #~Ú<å.3. =∞~å‡OQÍxfl |@ì Kå@∞ÖˉõΩO_® =Ú@∞ì H˘#∞@.4. W™ê¡"£∞#∞ `«ºlOK«∞@.=∞ã¨ÇπÏ™ê‰õΩûÅÃÑ· =∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕÜ«∞_»O W™ê¡g∞Ü«∞ ™êO„Ѩ^•Ü«∞O.nxH˜ „áêp# Ѩ~°OѨ~°LOk. ™ê‰õΩûÅ∞ JO>Ë HÍà◊§#∞ HõÑ≤Ê LOKÕq.=Úw~° a<£ ëÈ| (~°) ǨÏnã¨∞ :–„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) =ÙE KÕ™ê~°∞. ™ê‰õΩûÅÃÑ·, |∂@¡ÃÑ· =∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕ™ê~°∞. (ui‡l ã¨Ç≤ÏÇπÏ 99)W"Õ H͉õΩO_® K«e #∞O_ç HÍáê_»∞‰õΩ<ÕO^Œ∞‰õΩ L#fl ™ê‰õΩûÅ∞ ^èŒiOz<å "å˜ÃÑ·‰õÄ_® =∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕÜ«∂e.™ê‰õΩûÅÃÑ· =∞ã¨ÇπωõΩ x|O^èŒ#:–1 ™ê‰õΩûÅ∞ Ѩiâ◊√„ÉèíOQÍ LO_ç =ÙE ã≤÷uÖ’ ^èŒiOz LO_®e. „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨)=Úw~°ÇπÏ#∞ WÖÏ LѨ^ÕtOKå~°∞ :–<å ™ê‰õΩûÅ#∞ `˘ÅyOK«HõO_ç, <Õ#∞ "å˜x =ÙE ã≤÷uÖ’ ^èŒiOKå#∞ „Ѩ=HõÎ(ã¨) "å˜ÃÑ· =∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕâß~°∞. (|∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡"£∞)„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨)#∞ WÖÏ „ѨtflOK«_»O [iyOk."Õ∞=Ú ™ê‰õΩûÅÃÑ· =∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕÜ«∞=KåÛ? ^•xH˜ „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) J=Ù#∞, J~Ú`Õ Jq=ÙE ã≤÷uÖ’ ^èŒiOz LO>Ë Jq ã¨=∂^è•#O WKåÛ~°∞. (=Úã¨fl^Œ∞Öò Ǩï"≥∞ÿn)2. ™ê‰õΩûÅÃÑ· ÉèÏQÆO g∞^Œ =∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕÜ«∂e „H˜Ok ÉèÏQÍ# HÍ^Œ∞ Jb (~°) WÖÏJ<åfl~°∞ :–„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) ™ê‰õΩûÃÑ· ÉèÏQÆO g∞^Œ =∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕÜ«∞@O <Õ#∞ K«∂âß#∞.(J|∂^•=Ó^£ ã¨Ç≤ÏÇπÏ 162)=∞ã¨ÇπÏ QÆ_»∞=Ù :– ™ê÷x‰õΩʼnõΩ XHõ k#O XHõ ~å„u „Ѩܫ∂}©‰õΩʼnõΩ =¸_»∞k<åÅ∞, =¸_»∞ ~å„`«∞Å∞, „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) P^Õâ◊O:–„Ѩܫ∂}©‰õΩʼnõΩ =¸_»∞ k<åÅ∞, =¸_»∞ ~å„`«∞Å∞ ™ê÷x‰õΩʼnõΩ XHõ k#OXHõ ~å„u. (=Úã≤¡"£∞, u~üq∞l, J|∂^•=Ó^£ ã¨Ç≤Ï 157)ã≤^•úO`«O :– ™ê÷x‰õΩ_»∞ XHõ "Õà◊ L^ŒÜ«∞O LE KÕã≤ ™ê‰õΩûÅ∞ ^èŒi¿ãÎ ~å„u=~°‰õΩ "å˜ÃÑ· =∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕã¨∞HÀ=K«∞Û ™ê‰õΩûÅ∞ fã≤ HÍà◊√§ Hõ_çˆQ J=ã¨~°O ÖË^Œ∞. ~ÀAWÖψQ KÕÜ«∞=K«∞Û#∞ ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë QÆ_»∞=Ù XHõ¯ ~ÀA =∂„`«"Õ∞ JO`«HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯=QÆ_»∞=ÙÖË^Œ∞.„H˜O^Œ ¿Ñ~˘¯#fl q+¨Ü«∂Å =Å¡ =∞ã¨ÇπÏ ÉèíOQÆ=∞ø`«∞Ok :–1. QÆ_»∞=Ù =Úyã≤# "≥O@<Õ 2. [<å|`ü =Å¡ 3. ™ê‰õΩûÅ∞ `˘ÅyOK«_»O =Å¡™ê‰õΩûÅ`À áê@∞ Ѩiâ◊√„Éèí"≥∞ÿ# |∂@¡ÃÑ· ‰õÄ_® =∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕÜ«∞=K«∞Û#∞. „Ѩ=HõÎ(ã¨) ™ê‰õΩûÅ`À áê@∞ |∂@¡ÃÑ· ‰õÄ_® =∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕâß~°∞. (u~üq∞l ã¨Ç≤ÏÇπÏ 99)37 38
  21. 21. 21W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#OJ*Ï<£J*Ï<£ – JO>Ë „Ѩ`ÕºHõ =K«<åÅ ^•fi~å „Ñ¨[Å#∞ #=∂A H˘~°‰õΩ aQÆæ~°QÍÑ≤Å∞K«∞@. Hõhã¨O =ÚQÆ∞æ~°∞ #=∂*ò K«k"Õ "å~°∞ XHõ KÀ@ KÕi`Õ J*Ï<£ W=fi@O`«Ñ¨Êxã¨i nx „Ѩ`ÕºHõ`« Uq∞@O>Ë =ÚPqÜ«∞ÇπÏ (~°) LÖË¡Y# :– „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) f~°∞Êk#O <å_»∞ J*Ï<£ WKÕÛ"åi "≥∞_»Å∞ JO^ŒiHõO>Ë á⁄_»=ÙQÍ LOÏ~Ú JxÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞. (=Úã¨fl^£ JǨχ^£)J*Ï<£ q^èŒ∞Å∞ :–1. J*Ï<£Ö’ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Q˘Ñ¨Ê `«#O „ѨHõ˜OK«|_»∞`«∞Ok. D „â◊=∞‰õΩ „ѨuѶ¨ÅOfã¨∞HÀ=@O =∞Ozk HÍ^Œ∞. (J|∂^•=Ó^£ ã¨Ç≤ÏÇπÏ 531, ui‡l 209 ã¨Ç≤ÏÇπÏ)2. J*Ï<£ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ „áê~°÷# =O˜k nxfl =ÙE KÕã≤ W"åfie. (ui‡l [~¸Ñ¶π 200)3. dÉÏ¡"≥·Ñ¨Ù Jaè=ÚYOQÍ xÅ|_ç J*Ï<£ W"åfie.4. ǨÏÜ«∞ºÅã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ——, ǨÏÜ«∞ºÅÖòѶ¨ÖÏÇπÏ—— Jx ѨeH˜#ѨÙÊ_»∞ `«Å#∞, "≥∞_»#∞,KèåfH˜ ‰õΩ_ç, Z_»=∞Å"≥·Ñ¨Ù „uáêÊe. (|∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡"£∞)5. `«# Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ "Õà◊¡#∞ K≥=ÙÖ’¡ LOz J*Ï<£ W"åfie.(WÉËfl =∂[)6. J*Ï<£ aQÆæ~°QÍ W"åfie. (J|∂^•=Ó^£ ã¨Ç≤ÏÇπÏ 515)7. J*Ï<£ =K«<åÅ#∞ Py Py q_çq_çQÍ Ñ¨ÅHÍe. (u~üq∞l [~¸Ñ¶π 195)8. J*Ï<£ WzÛ# =ºH˜Î WMÏ=∞`ü ‰õÄ_® W"åfie.(u~üq∞l 199 [~¸Ñ¶π, J|∂^•=Ó^£ 512 [~¸Ñ¶π)9. `«y# HÍ~°}O ÖˉõΩO_® J*Ï<£ `«~°∞"å`« =∞ã≤˚^£ #∞O_ç #=∂A K«^Œ=‰õΩO_®|Ü«∞˜H˜ "≥à◊¡_»O =∞Ozk HÍ^Œ∞.J*Ï<£ =K«<åÅ∞ :– J*Ï<£Ö’ 19 =K«<åÅ∞ L<åfl~Ú.J|∂ =∞ÇπÏE~°ÇπÏ (~°) LÖË¡Y# :–„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) J#∞K«~°∞Å∞ J|∂=∞ÇπÏ E~°ÇπωõΩ 19 J*Ï<£ =K«<åÅ∞ <Õ~åÊ~°∞ .(~°"åǨïÖò Y=∞û ui‡l ã¨Ç≤ÏÇπÏ 192, J|∂^•=Ó^£ 502)`«ãπgÉò :– Ѷ¨„*ò J*Ï<£Ö’ `«ãπgÉò W™ê¡g∞Ü«∞ ™êO„Ѩ^•Ü«∞O.(u~üq∞l, WÉËfl=∂[ J|∂^•=Ù^£ ǨÏã¨<£ 500)`«ãπ gÉò JO>Ë ˆH=ÅO Ѷ¨„*ò J*Ï<£Ö’ǨÏÜ«∞º JÅã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ Ç¨ÏÜ«∞º JÅÖò Ѷ¨ÖÏÇπÏÅ `«~°∞"å`« Jã¨ûÖÏ`«∞ Mˇ·~°∞"£∞q∞# <Òfl"£∞—— Jx Ô~O_»∞ ™ê~°∞¡ ѨÅHõ@O.WMÏ=∞`ü :– =∞ÇπÏE~°ÇπÏ (~°) ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ WMÏ=∞`ü =K«<åÅ∞ 11 L<åfl~Ú.(J|∂^•=Ó^£ 502 ã¨Ç≤ÏÇπÏ, ui‡l 193)J*Ï<£ `«~°∞"åu ^Œ∞P:–F D ѨiѨÓ~°‚ PǨ fi<åxH˜ ã≤÷~°=∞~Ú# #=∂A‰õΩ „ѨÉèí∞=Ù "≥·# F ^Õ"å !=ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨) ™êxflÇ≤Ï`åºxfl, qt+¨ì`«#∞ „Ѩ™êkOK«∞ WOHÍ h=Ù "åQÍÌ#O KÕã≤##fl`«™ê÷<åxH˜ PÜ«∞#∞fl KÕ~°∞Û. (|∞MÏi)39 40
  22. 22. 22W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O W™ê¡"£∞ r=# q^è•#O#=∂*ò#=∂*ò P^Õâ◊O =∞iÜ«Ú "å˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ ã¨OYº :#=∂*ò W™ê¡"£∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ Ô~O_»= =ÚYº"≥∞ÿ# qkè Ü«ÚHõÎ=Ü«∞ã¨∞û‰õΩ KÕi# „Ѩu„ã‘ΠѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅÃÑ· qkèOK«|_çOk. #=∂*ò Z˜ì Ѩiã≤÷`«∞Ö’¡#∂ Hõ∆q∞OK«|_»^Œ∞. Jqâßfiã¨O=∞iÜ«Ú W™ê¡"£∞Å#∞ #=∂*ò K«^Œ=Hõ áÈ=@O =ÖË¡ „QÆÇ≤ÏOK«@O [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok. ~å„fѨQÆÅ∞Ö’ 5 ѨÓ@Å∞ #=∂*ò qkèOK«_»O [iyOk. D J~Ú^Œ∞ ѨÓ@Å #=∂AÅ∞¿Ñ~°∞¡ :– Ѷ¨*ò~ü, *ÁÇπÏ~ü Jãπ~ü, =∞Q∑ iÉò, WëêѶ¨*ò~ü :– Ô~O_»∞ ã¨∞#fl`ü ~°HÍ`«∞Å`À áê@∞ <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞. =ÚO^Œ∞ Ô~O_»∞~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ ã¨∞#fl`≥=ÚJHõ¯^Œ, P `«~°∞"å`« Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞ŠѶ¨~ü*ò. Ѷ¨*ò~ü Ü≥ÚHõ¯ Ô~O_»∞Ѷ¨~ü*ò ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõOQÍ PK«iOK«|_»`å~Ú. W=∂"£∞ aQÆæ~°QÍ Ñ¨iî™êÎ_»∞.XO@iQÍ PK«iOz<å aQÆæ~°QÍ Ñ¨iîOKåe. „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) ‰õΩ Ѷ¨*ò~ü Ü≥ÚHõ¯ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ã¨∞#fl`ü WǨ Ö’HõOÖ’x =ã¨∞Î=ÙÅxfl˜ HõO>Ë ZO`À „Ñ≤Ü«∞"≥∞ÿ#q. (=Úã≤¡"£∞)XHõ "Õà◊ Ѷ¨*ò~ü Ü≥ÚHõ¯ ã¨∞#fl`ü Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ [=∂J`ü‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ K«^Œ=HõáÈ`Õ, [=∂J`ü `«~åfi`« "≥O@<Õ ã¨∂~Àº^ŒÜ«∂xH˜ =ÚO^Œ∞ K«^Œ∞=Ù HÀ"åe.(JãπǨ |∞ã¨∞û#<£ ui‡l ã¨Ç≤ÏÇπÏ 422)*’ÇπÏ~ü :– *’ÇπÏ~üÖ’ <åÅ∞QÆ∞ Ѷ¨~ü*ò ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ =∞iÜ«Ú P~°∞~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ ã¨∞#fl`ü,W=xfl =∞ø#OQÍ PK«iOKåe. Ѷ¨~ü*ò HõO>Ë =ÚO^Œ∞ <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ÖË^• Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ã¨∞#fl`ü Ѷ¨~ü*ò `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å ã¨∞#fl`ü Jhfl HõeÑ≤ Ѩk ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ J=Ù`å~Ú.Jãπ~ü :– ˆH=ÅO <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ =∂„`«"Õ∞ qkèOK«|_®¤~Ú.=∞Q∑iÉò :– ˆH=ÅO =¸_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ =∂„`«O qkèOK«|_®¤~Ú. Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞aQÆæ~°QÍ K«kq `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ KÕÜ«∂e. WOHÍ =¸_»= ~°HÍ`«∞ =∞ø#OQÍ K«^Œ"åe. „Ѩ=HõÎ(ã¨) =∞Q∑iÉò Ѷ¨~ü*ò `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å ã¨∞#fl`ü U<å_»∂ q_çz ÃÑ@ìÖË^Œ∞. =∞Q∑iÉòJ*Ï<£ `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å #Ѷ≤Öò K«^Œ=_»O „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÖ’ ¿Ñ~˘¯#|_çOk.Wëê :– <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞ŠѶ¨~ü*ò, `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£H˜ =ÚO^Œ∞ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ aQÆæ~°QÍ,`«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ =∞ø#OQÍ, Wëê `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ ã¨∞#fl`ü„áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÖ’ ¿Ñ~˘¯#_»O [iyOk.q`ü~ü :– q`ü~ü #=∂*ò XHõ ~°HÍ`«∞ ÖË^• =¸_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ ÖË^• JÜ«Ú^Œ∞~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ K«^Œ=@O „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨) ™êO„Ѩ^•Ü«∞O. =¸_»∞ =∞iÜ«Ú J~Ú^Œ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞XHõ YJ^ŒÇπÏ =∞iÜ«Ú XHõ ã¨ÖÏ"£∞`À K«^Œ"åe.~å„f ѨQÆÅ∞Ö’ "≥Ú`«ÎO Ѷ¨~ü*ò #=∂*ò ~°HÍ`«∞Å ã¨OYº 17. *ÁÇπÏ~üÖ’ <åÅ∞QÆ∞~°HÍ`«∞Å∞, Jã¨~üÖ’ <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞, =∞Q∑iÉòÖ’ =¸_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞, Ѷ¨[~üÖ’ Ô~O_»∞~°HÍ`«∞Å∞, =∞iÜ«Ú 12 ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ ã¨∞#fl`ü. Ѷ¨*ò~üH˜ =ÚO^Œ∞ Ô~O_»∞, *’ÇπÏ~üH˜ =ÚO^Œ∞<åÅ∞QÆ∞ `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞, =∞Q∑iÉò `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞, Wëê `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞, q`ü~üXHõ˜ÖËHõ =¸_»∞.#=∂A +¨~°`«∞Å∞ :– #=∂*ò ã‘fiHõiOK«|_»ÏxH˜ D „H˜O^Œ +¨~°`«∞Å∞ `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i.1. W™ê¡"£∞ JO>Ë XHõ =ºH˜Î „áê=∂}˜Hõ ^è•i‡Hõ #=∞‡HÍÅ∞ Hõey LO_®e. 2. |∞kú*Ï˝<åÅ∞ JO>Ë =∞u ã≤÷q∞`«O Hõey LO_®e. 3. |∞kú *Ï˝<åÅ∞ JO>Ë =∞u ã≤÷q∞`«OHõey LO_®e. 3. ѨiH˜OKÕ, ã≤QÆ∞æ a_çÜ«∞O, Ѩiâ◊√„Éèí`«#∞ „QÆÇ≤ÏOKÕ =Ü«∞ã¨∞û‰õΩ KÕ~åe.4. JѨiâ◊√^Œú`« #∞O_ç Ѩiâ◊√„ÉèíOQÍ LO_ç =ÙE KÕã≤ LO_®e. 5. â◊s~°OÃÑ· U^≥·<åJѨiâ◊√^ŒúO LO>Ë ^•xfl `˘ÅyOKåe. 6. =∞~å‡OQÍÅ#∞ HõÑ≤Ê LOKåe. 7. xs‚`«ã¨=∞Ü«∞O 8. dÉÏ¡H˜ Jaè=ÚYOQÍ LO_»∞@. 9. ã¨OHõeÊOK«∞H˘#∞@.#=∂*ò =ÚYº q^èŒ∞Å∞ :– #=∂*òÖ’ 13 =ÚYº q^èŒ∞Å∞ L<åfl~Ú.1. dÜ«∂"£∞ :– JO>Ë #=∂*ò xÅ|_ç PK«iOKåe. J~Ú`Õ Jã¨fiã¨÷`«QÍ L#fl"å~°∞, JOQÆ"≥·HõźO Hõey L#fl"å~°∞ `«Ñ¨Ê2. `«H±cÔ~ `«„Ç‘Ï=∞ :– JO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ JHõƒ~ü Jx ѨeH˜ #=∂*ò „áê~°OaèOKåe.^•x J~°÷O, J#∞"å^ŒO ^•fi~å #=∂*ò J=^Œ∞.3. ã¨∂~°ÇπÏ á¶êuǨ ѨiîOK«@O :– ã¨∂~°ÇπÏ á¶êuǨ JO^Œ~°∂ Jxfl #=∂*òÅ֒ѨiîOK«_»O `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i. W=∂"£∞ J~Ú<å =ÚMò`«n J~Ú<å, #=∂*ò aQÆæ~°QÍK«kq<å, =∞ø#OQÍ K«kq<å, Ѷ¨~ü*ò J~Ú<å ã¨∞#fl`ü J~Ú<å ã¨∂ˆ~ á¶êuǨK«^Œ=x^Õ #=∂*ò HÍ^Œ∞.4. ~°∞‰õÄ:– JO>Ë Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å#∞ "≥ÚHÍà◊§ÃÑ· LOKåe. gѨ٠|šѨ~°∞ѨÙQÍLO_®e.5. M∫=∞ÇπÏ :– ~°∞‰õÄ #∞O_ç ÖËz xÏ~°∞QÍ xÅ|_®e.6. `ånÖò:– JO>Ë ~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞ „ѨâßO`«OQÍ KÕÜ«∂e.7. U_»∞ J=Ü«∞"åÅÃÑ· ã¨*ÏÌ KÕÜ«∂e. Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å∞, Ô~O_»∞ áê^•Å∞, Ô~O_»∞"≥ÚHÍà◊√§, <˘ã¨Å∞, =Ú‰õΩ¯ÅÃÑ· ã¨*ÏÌ KÕÜ«∂e.8. ã¨*ÏÌ #∞O_ç ÖËK«∞@.9. Ô~O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ =∞^茺 „ѨâßO`«OQÍ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ"åe.41 42

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